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By: José Luis Ramos Soldado(Author)
68 pages, colour & b/w illustrations
Although most of the animal remains recorded throughout the archaeological excavations consist usually of large assemblages of discarded and fragmented bones, it is possible to yield articulated animal skeletons in some cases. Most of them have been usually picked up from sacred and/or funerary contexts, but not all of them might fit necessarily in ritual and symbolic interpretations, and not all of the structured deposit of animal remains may be explained due to anthropic factors. In addition, zooarchaeology has traditionally focused on animal domestication, husbandry and economy, and species identification above all, shutting out further discussion about these type of findings. Moreover, the limited condition of the data is also another issue to bear in mind. Thus, the aim of this study has been to draw up a literature review of the structured deposits of animal remains during the third and second millennia BC in the Ancient Near East for its subsequent classification and detailed interpretation. In this survey it has been attested that not only most of the articulated animal remains have been found in ritual and/or funerary contexts but also that all species recorded- but some exceptions-are domestic. Hence there is a broad religious attitude towards the main domesticated animals of human economy in the Ancient Near East, based on the closeness of these animals to the human sphere. Therefore, it seems that domesticated animals were powerful constituents in the cultural landscape of these regions, never simply resources.
2. Historical and archaeological context
3. Structured deposition of animal remains in the Fertile Crescent during the III Millennium BC
4. Structured deposition of animal remains in the Fertile Crescent during the II Millennium BC
Appendix A: Number of articulated animal individuals recorded at each site classified by species, region and period
Appendix B: Identification of equid species classified by site and period
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