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Styles of Reasoning in the British Life Sciences: Shared Assumptions, 1820-58


Series: Science and Culture in the Nineteenth Century Volume: 1

By: James Elwick

233 pages, b/w illustrations

Pickering & Chatto Publishers

Hardback | Sep 2007 | #190965 | ISBN-13: 9781851969203
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £60.00 $79/€67 approx

About this book

Elwick explores how the concept of 'compound individuality' brought together life scientists working in pre-Darwinian London. Scientists conducting research in comparative anatomy, physiology, cellular microscopy, embryology and the neurosciences repeatedly stated that plants and animals were compounds of smaller independent units. Discussion of a 'bodily economy' was widespread. But by 1860, the most flamboyant discussions of compound individuality had come to an end in Britain. Elwick relates the growth and decline of questions about compound individuality to wider nineteenth-century debates about research standards and causality. He uses specific technical case studies to address overarching themes of reason and scientific method.

In this stimulating and highly original book James Elwick contrasts two styles of reasoning in early nineteenth-century British biology.
- Michael T. Ghiselin, author of "The History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences"


1 Analysis Part I, Museums and Comparative Anatomy
2 Analysis Part II, The Neurosciences
3 Synthesis: Embryological Development as Metamorphosis
4 Regeneration as Reproduction
5 Palaetiology
6 The Attack on Compound Individuality, 1850-1859

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