This book is the first attempt to summarise what appears to be known about the amphibians and reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea in a single volume. Much of this information is already available in scientiﬁc journals, but is widely scattered in papers that are sometimes difficult to obtain and often present the data in a highly technical form. In contrast, we hope that this book will provide rapid, easy access to a range of useful information and nothing would repay our efforts more than the knowledge that this was helpful to local naturalists working within the local environment.
Ethiopia has a unique fauna. In its recently uplifted highlands, surrounded and isolated by a great expanse of arid land, some remarkable evolution has taken place, giving rise to a considerable number of distinctive endemic species. These include conspicuous birds, such as the Blue-winged Goose and Wattled Ibis, mammals like the Ethiopian Wolf, Gelada Baboon and Mountain Nyala, together with a host of less familiar animals. More than 30 new species of amphibians and reptiles have been described from our area since 1970 and over 40 % of all Ethiopian frogs are found nowhere else in the world.