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The role of the catchment in determining the condition of water bodies into which its land surface drains is now widely understood. Indeed, it is second nature for most freshwater biologists to start their assessment of activities within a water body by examining the surrounding land first. That said, there is still a remarkable amount that we do not yet fiilly understand.
This small collection of papers, all written by authors who have present or past connections to the FBA River Laboratory, captures the variety of land use impacts and the range of scales used in their study. The opening two papers look for correlations between land use and biological responses in streams. Johannson & Armitage consider the role of agriculture. Riipinen & Dobson follow with a study of the impact of forestry. Chadwick et al. then consider the urban environment, in which river catchments are hugely altered relative to the natural environment.
- Introduction 3
- Historic land-use and the influence of catchment characteristics on faunal communities of small streams, Dorset, UK 5
Patrick Armitage and John Blackburn
- Quantifying the relationship between land cover and biological condition of headwater streams 27
- Agricultural practice and the effects of agricultural land-use on water quality 45
Silke Skytte Johannsen and Patrick Armitage
- Benthic organic matter biomass and invertebrate community structure in five conifer plantation streams in the Peak District (Derbyshire, England) 61
Miira P. Riipinen and Michael Dobson
- Coarse organic matter dynamics in urbanised tributaries of the St. Johns River, Florida 77
Michael Chadwick, Alexander Huryn, Arthur Benke and Dean Dobberfuhl