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Bioethics, born in the 1960s and 1970s, has achieved great success, but also has experienced recent growing pains, as illustrated by the case of Terri Schiavo. In The Future of Bioethics, Howard Brody, a physician and scholar who dates his entry into the field in 1972, sifts through the various issues that bioethics is now addressing--and some that it is largely ignoring--to chart a course for the future.
Traditional bioethical concerns such as medical care at the end of life and research on human subjects will continue to demand attention. Brody chooses to focus instead on less obvious issues that will promise to stimulate new ways of thinking. He argues for a bioethics grounded in interdisciplinary medical humanities, including literature, history, religion, and the social sciences. Drawing on his previous work, Brody argues that most of the issues concerned involve power disparities. Bioethics' response ought to combine new concepts that take power relationships seriously, with new practical activities that give those now lacking power a greater voice.
A chapter on community dialogue outlines a role for the general public in bioethics deliberations. Lessons about power initially learned from feminist bioethics need to be expanded into new areas--cross cultural, racial and ethnic, and global and environmental issues, as well as the concerns of persons with disabilities. Bioethics has neglected important ethical controversies that are most often discussed in primary care, such as patient-centered care, evidence-based medicine, and pay-for-performance.
Brody concludes by considering the tension between bioethics as contemplative scholarship and bioethics as activism. He urges a more activist approach, insisting that activism need not cause a premature end to ongoing conversations among bioethicists defending widely divergent views and thcories.
CONTENTS; Acknowledgments; 1. Introduction; 2. Bioethics' Interdisciplinary Base; 3. Patient-Centered Care; 4. Evidence-Based Medicine and Pay-for-Performance; 5. Community Dialogue; 6. Overview: Bioethics, Power, and Learning to See; 7. Cross-cultural Concerns; 8. Race and Health Disparities; 9. Disabilities; 10. Environmental and Global Issues; 11. Critical Assessment of New Technologies; 12. Conclusion; Bibliography; Index
"The author has managed to balance scholarly inquiry, accessibility, and thought-provoking argumentation in one work. He clearly lays out his premises, his logic is easy to follow, and his conclusions are compelling. It is difficult to imagine what might be missing from his new addition to the bioethics canon."--Doody's
"In The Future of Bioethics, Howard Brody--a veteran bioethics scholar with a medical degree and a PhD in philosophy--offers an articulate and compassionate plea for an expanded and enriched discipline of bioethics....This provocative critique of bioethics and the accompanying prescription for the future, from one of the discipline's most respected scholars, are welcome."--As reviewed in the New England Journal of Medicine