Half of European Ennominae, a total of 141 species, are covered in The Geometrid Moths of Europe, Volume 5: Ennominae I, including difficult genera like Crocallis, Aspitates and Dyscia. Not less than 709 specimens are illustrated in 16 colour plates. For each species the following information is provided: taxonomic data, description, distribution, phenology, biology including host plants, habitat, similar species, male genitalia, including the everted vesica, female genitalia, and distribution map. Genetic data from DNA barcoding is provided for most species. A total of 145 text-figures of diagnostic characters and other morphological structures. The taxonomic part includes new synonymies, status revisions, new combinations and numerous new distribution data. A systematic catalogue of the European species and the adjacent regions of North Africa, Macaronesia, Turkey and Middle East is included also.
Preface ... 7
Abstract ... 9
Acknowledgements ... 13
Introduction ... 17
Systematic position of the Ennominae within the Geometridae ... 19
Monophyly of the Ennominae ... 20
Ennominae systematics ... 22
Classification of European Ennominae genera into tribes ... 25
Methodological notes ... 32
On species and subspecies ... 37
Abbreviations ... 39
Systematic Account ... 41
Ennominae taxa treated in volume 1 of the Geometrid Moths of Europe ... 465
Systematic checklist of the Geometridae of Europe (vol. 5) ... 467
Colour plates ... 473
Genitalia plates ... 507
Appendix 1. Data of the microscopic preparations shown in male genitalia plates ... 593
Appendix 2. Data of the microscopic preparations shown in female genitalia plates ... 617
References ... 637
Index to scientific names ... 655
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Peder Skou, born in Odense, Denmark in 1950, educated as an accountant in 1970, from 1974 to 1986 worked in the purchasing and cataloguing department in a public library. Since 1984 he has been a bookseller and publisher specialising in entomology and initiator of important series such as The Geometrid Moths of Europe and Microlepidoptera of Europe. Author of Nordens Målere (1984), translated into English as The Geometroid moths of North Europe and Nordens Ugler (1991).
Pasi Sihvonen, born in Turku, Finland in 1972, obtained his PhD in biology from the University of Helsinki in 2003. He has worked in expert positions at the Academy of Finland and the European Commission in the areas of research funding and research administration. Currently he is director of Research Services at the University of Helsinki. He is the author of over 40 scientific publications, focussing on the phylogeny and taxonomy of the Geometridae, particularly on the subfamilies Sterrhinae and Ennominae.