Books  Conservation & Biodiversity  Species Conservation & Care 

The Importance of Species: Perspectives on Expendability and Triage

Much-needed assessment of priorities in species conservation

Edited By: Peter Kareiva and Simon A Levin

427 pages, Figs, tabs

Princeton University Press

Paperback | Feb 2003 | #133187 | ISBN: 069109005X
Availability: Usually dispatched within 4 days Details
NHBS Price: £65.99 $87/€75 approx
Hardback | Dec 2003 | #133190 | ISBN: 0691090041
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About this book

Given the reality of limited money for conservation efforts, there is a compelling need for scientists to help conservation practitioners set priorities and identify species most in need of urgent attention. This book provides the scientific approaches and analyses available for asking what we can expect from losing species. The contributors are outstanding ecologists, theoreticians, and evolutionary biologists and they discuss whether we can identify species that play key roles in ecosystems before they are lost forever.
The contributors are: SEB Abella, GC Chang, D Doak, AL Downing, WT Edmondson, A Flecker, MJ Ford, CDG Harley, EG Leigh Jr., S Lubetkin, SM Louda, M Marvier, P McElhany, BA Menge, SE Moore, WF Morris, S Naeem, S Palumbi, A Power, TA Rand, R Root, M Ruckelshaus, J Ruesink, DE Schindler, TW Schoener, D Simberloff, DA Spiller, M Wonham, and JT Wooten.

I recommend this book both as practical advice for conservation practitioners, and as a summary of recent theory and experiments for any ecologist interested in the interface between species and their communities and ecosystems. -- Gareth J. Russell Ecology


Contributors ix Preface xiii Foreword xv Part I: USING EXPERIMENTAL REMOVALS OF SPECIES TO REVEAL THE CONSEQUENCES OF BIODIVERSITY DEPLETION P. Kareiva and S. A. Levin 1 1. Native Thistles: Expendable or Integral to Ecosystem Resistance to Invasion? S. M. Louda and T. A. Rand 5 2. The Overriding Importance of Environmental Context in Determining the Outcome of Species-Deletion Experiments B. A. Menge 16 3. Species Importance and Context: Spatial and Temporal Variation in Species Interactions C.D.G. Harley 44 4. Effects of Removing a Vertebrate versus an Invertebrate Predator on a Food Web, and What Is Their Relative Importance? T. W. Schoener and D. A. Spiller 69 5. Understanding the Effects of Reduced Biodiversity: A Comparison of Two Approaches J. T. Wootton and A. L. Downing 85 Part II: THE ANTHROPOGENIC PERSPECTIVE P. Kareiva and S. A. Levin 105 6. Models of Ecosystem Reliability and Their Implications for the Question of Expendability S. Naeem 109 7. Predicting the Effects of Species Loss on Community Stability D. Doak and M. Marvier 140 8. One Fish, Two Fish, Old Fish, New Fish: Which Invasions Matter? J. L. Ruesink 161 9. Ecological Gambling: Expendable Extinctions Versus Acceptable Invasions M. J. Wonham 179 10. Rarity and Functional Importance in a Phytoplankton Community D. E. Schindler, G. C. Chang, S. Lubetkin, S.E.B. Abella, and W. T. Edmondson 206 11. Community and Ecosystem Impacts of Single-Species Extinctions D. Simberloff 221 Part III: LINKAGES AND EXTERNALITIES P. Kareiva and S. A. Levin 235 12. Social Conflict, Biological Ignorance, and Trying to Agree Which Species Are Expendable E. G. Leigh Jr. 239 13. Which Mutualists Are Most Essential? Buffering of Plant Reproduction against the Extinction of Pollinators W. F. Morris 260 14. The Expendability of Species: A Test Case Based on the Caterpillars on Goldenrods R. B. Root 281 15. An Evolutionary Perspective on the Importance of Species: Why Ecologists Care about Evolution S. R. Palumbi 292 16. Recovering Species of Conservation Concern-Are Populations Expendable? M. Ruckelshaus, P. McElhany, and M. J. Ford 305 17. Virus Specificity in Disease Systems: Are Species Redundant? A. G. Power and A. S. Flecker 330 Conclusion P. Kareiva and S. A. Levin 347 References 353 Index 415

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Peter Kareiva is a member of The Nature Conservancy's Science Council and the lead scientist for the Pacific Region. Coeditor of "Spatial Ecology" (Princeton) and other books, he has also taught at Brown University and the University of Washington. Simon A. Levin is George M. Moffett Professor of Biology at Princeton University. He is the author of "Fragile Dominion" and served as Editor in Chief of the five-volume "Encyclopedia of Biodiversity".

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