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About this book
About this book
First published in 1984, this volume and its companion relate to the work of a group of 70 scientists from Britain, China, Pakistan, Switzerland and the USA who visited the highest mountains in the world during the summer of 1980 to conduct a series of inter-related studies. Supported by the leading learned societies and professional institutions in Britain, China and Pakistan, and by government agencies in these countries, the International Karakoram Project was an expedition that fused several individual topics in the earth sciences into a unified and single study of the world's most chaotic, unstable landform.
Volume II concentrates on the results obtained by the scientists during the course of the project.
Contents to volume I; Preface; Preface to volume II; Acknowledgements; Part I. Inauguration: 1. Opening remarks by the President of the Royal Geographical Society; 2. The International Karakoram Project: an appraisal; 3. Karakoram history: early exploration; 4. Mountaineering in the Karakoram in the late 1970s; 5. A note on Rakaposhi 7788m; 6. A science of mountains; Part II. Geology: 7. The geographical and geological domains of the Karakoram; 8. Geology of the south-central Karakoram and Kohistan; Part III. Glaciology: 9. Ice depth echo-sounding techniques employed on the Hispar and Ghulkin glaciers; 10. Impulse radar ice-depth sounding on the Hispar glacier; 11. Impulse radar ice-depth sounding of the Ghulkin glacier; Part IV. Survey: 12. The survey work of the International Karakoram Project, 1980; 13. The calculation of crustal displacement and strain from classical survey measurements; Part V. Earthquakes: 14. A microearthquake survey in the Karakoram; 15. Source studies of the Hamran, Drael and Patan earthquakes in Kohistan, Pakistan; 16. Stress field and plate motion in the Karakoram and surrounding regions; Part VI. Housing and Natural Hazards: 17. A critical review of the work method and findings of the Housing and Natural Hazards Group; 18. The construction and vulnerability to earthquakes of some building types in the northern areas of Pakistan; 19. Yasin valley: the analysis of geomorphology and building types; 20. The socio-economic cost of planning for hazards: an analysis of Barkulti village, Yasin, northern Pakistan; 21. Barkulti in the Yasin valley: a study of traditional settlement form as a response to environmental hazard; 22. Analysis of recovery and reconstruction following the 1974 Patan earthquake; 23. The vulnerability to fire risk of some building types and traditional settlements with reference to the fire which destroyed Gayal-Kot in July 1981; 24. Medical aspects of the IKP D. Giles; Part VII. Geomorphology: 25. The geomorphology of the Hunza valley, Karakoram mountains, Pakistan; 26. Recent fluctuations in some glaciers of the western Karakoram mountains, Hunza, Pakistan; 27. Quaternary glacial hisotry of the Hunza valley, Karakoram mountains, Pakistan; 28. Glacial and paraglacial sediments of the Hunza valley, north west Karakoram, Pakistan: a preliminary analysis; 29. Particle size distribution on the debris slopes of the Hunza valley; 30. Sediment load of the Hunza river; 31. A preliminary study of ancient trees in the Hunza valley and their dendroclimatic potential; 32. Salt efflorescences and salt weathering in the Hunza valley, Karakoram mountains, Pakistan; 33. Rock temperature observations and chemical weathering in the Hunza region, Karakoram: preliminary data; Part VIII. Karakoram research cell: 34. The Karakoram research cell.