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Assesses the management of deer populations from an ecosystem perspective, contending that since deer are unevenly dispersed within protected areas and the effects of high management options should be tested at the landscape level before widely applied. The contributors reconsider the meaning of `overabundance' from the perspectives of wildlife biology, international conservation, state game management, and animal welfare, and they discuss the harm - in the form of disease, parasites, and starvation - that can befall deer populations when their growth goes unchecked. Contributors also trace both the impact of deer on ecosystems and the effects of changing landscape features and vegetation biomass on deer populations.