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Academic & Professional Books  Earth System Sciences  Hydrosphere  Water Resources & Management  Water Resources & Management: General

The Science of Water Concepts and Applications

By: Frank R Spellman(Author)
544 pages, 163 b/w illustrations, 119 tables
The Science of Water
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  • The Science of Water ISBN: 9781482242935 Hardback Sep 2014 Usually dispatched within 5 days
Selected version: £81.99
About this book Contents Customer reviews Biography Related titles Recommended titles

About this book

The Science of Water: Concepts and Applications, Third Edition contains a wealth of scientific information and is based on real-world experience. Building on the second edition, this text applies the latest data and research in the field, and addresses water contamination as a growing problem. The Science of Water material covers a wide range of water contaminants, the cause of these contaminants, and considers their impact on surface water and groundwater sources. It highlights the three distinct and separate sources of freshwater: surface water, groundwater, and groundwater under the direct influence of surface water (GUDISW). It discusses the conditions that constitute GUDISW and the Surface Water Treatment Rule (SWTR). It also explores sustainability and the effect of human use, misuse, and reuse of freshwater and wastewater on the overall water supply.

Provides Valuable Insight for Water/Wastewater Practitioners
Designed to fill a gap in the available material about water, The Science of Water examines water reserve utilization and the role of policymakers involved in the decision-making process. The Science of Water provides practical knowledge that practitioners and operators must have in order to pass licensure/certification tests and keep up with relevant changes. It also updates all previous chapters, presents numerous example math problems, and provides information not covered in earlier editions.

What's New in the Third Edition:
- Includes a new chapter on water economics, as well as a new chapter on water usage
- Expands the coverage of wastewater stabilization ponds
- Adds new problems, tables, and figures throughout

The Science of Water: Concepts and Applications, Third Edition serves a varied audience – it can be utilized by water/wastewater practitioners – as well as students, lay personnel, regulators, technical experts, attorneys, business leaders, and concerned citizens.


Still Water
Setting the Stage
Historical Perspective
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

All about Water
How Special, Strange, and Different Is Water?
Characteristics of Water
Somewhere between 0° and 105°
Physical Properties of Water
Capillary Action
Water Cycle
Specific Water Movements
Q and Q Factors
Sources of Water
Watershed Protection
Potable Water
Key Definitions
Surface Water
Well Systems
Water Use
Water Content of Crops, Goods, Beverages, Animals, and Industrial Products
Thought-Provoking Question
References and Recommended Reading

Water Hydraulics
What Is Water Hydraulics?
Water Balance
Basic Concepts
Density and Specific Gravity
Effects of Water under Pressure
Flow/Discharge Rate: Water in Motion
Piezometric Surface and Bernoulli’s Theorem
Hydraulic Machines (Pumps)
Friction Head Loss
Basic Pumping Hydraulics
Open-Channel Flow
Flow Measurement
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

Water Chemistry
Chemistry Concepts and Definitions
Chemistry Fundamentals
Water Solutions
Water Constituents
Optical Phenomena: Water and Light
Common Water Measurements
Water Treatment Chemicals
Chemical Drinking Water Parameters
Thought-Provoking Question
References and Recommended Reading

Water Biology
Biology and Microbiology: What Are They?
Water Microorganisms
Microscopic Crustaceans
Microbiological Processes
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

Water Ecology
Setting the Stage
Levels of Organization
Biogeochemical Cycles
Energy Flow in the Ecosystem
Food Chain Efficiency
Population Ecology
Stream Genesis and Structure
An Overview of Benthic Life
Benthic Macroinvertebrates
Insect Macroinvertebrates
Non-Insect Macroinvertebrates
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

Water Pollution
Sources of Contaminants
Chemical Cocktail
Groundwater Contamination
Self-Purification of Streams
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations
Water Supply, Use, and Wastewater Treatment
Thought-Provoking Question
References and Recommended Reading

Environmental Biomonitoring, Sampling, and Testing
What Is Biomonitoring?
Biotic Index in Streams
Biological Sampling in Streams
Macroinvertebrate Sampling in Rocky-Bottom Streams
Macroinvertebrate Sampling in Muddy-Bottom Streams
Post-Sampling Routine
Sampling Devices
Drinking Water Quality Monitoring
Test Methods
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

Water Economics
Microeconomic Concepts
Macroeconomic Concepts
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

Water Use and Availability
Off-Stream Water Use
Value of Water Use
Off-Stream Water Use by Agriculture
Off-Stream Water Use by Manufacturing
Off-Stream Water Use by Mining and Energy Resource Extraction
Off-Stream and In-Stream Water Use for Electric Power Generation
In-Stream Water Use by Commercial Fishing
In-Stream Water Use by Commercial Navigation
In-Stream Water Use by Recreation and Tourism
Non-Market Value Estimates for Water-Based Recreational Activities
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

Water Treatment
Conventional Water Treatment
Stages of Water Treatment
Thought-Provoking Questions
References and Recommended Reading

Water Treatment Calculations
Water Source and Storage Calculations
Coagulation, Mixing, and Flocculation Calculations
Determining Percent Strength of Solutions
Sedimentation Calculations
Water Filtration Calculations
Water Chlorination Calculations
Chemical Use Calculations
Chlorination Chemistry
References and Recommended Reading


Customer Reviews


Frank R. Spellman, PhD, is a retired assistant professor of environmental health at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. The author of more than 90 books covering topics ranging from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) to all areas of environmental science and occupational health, he has been cited in more than 450 publications, and is a co-author to well-recognized experts in various scientific fields. For example, he is a contributing author of The Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. Spellman holds a BA in public administration, a BS in business management, an MBA, and both an MS and a PhD in environmental engineering.

By: Frank R Spellman(Author)
544 pages, 163 b/w illustrations, 119 tables
Media reviews

"This is a book very useful to everyone involved in water treatment. It provides information ranging from water treatment to water source management to managing water rates. If a bench chemist wants to know what people in the management section are thinking about for setting water rates, this is the go-to book. If a manager with a business background comes from outside the water treatment field, the economic section of the book will be useful for getting up to speed. Likewise, anyone in non-scientific fields will get an excellent overview of the technologies of water treatment and source water monitoring without excessive technical jargon, equations, and chemical symbols."
– Adam Eyring, Philadelphia Water Department, Pennsylvania, USA

"Mr. Spellman is to be commended for pulling together a vast amount of water-related material from diversified sources such that this book can be the first (and in some cases, last) book to turn to for information on water."
– Windsor Sung, Ph.D, PE, Water Quality Expert, USA

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