About this book
Focuses on the effects of natural and introduced toxicants on organs and systems in marine mammals. It includes overview chapters on health status and contaminations with subsequent chapters devoted to whales, pinnipeds, dolphins, polar bears, manatees, and sea otters. The concluding chapter addresses perspectives and issues for the future.
PART I IMPLICATIONS OF CONTAMINANTS FOR MARINE MAMMAL HEALTHPathology of Marine Mammals with Special Reference to Infectious Diseases, Robert B. Moeller, Jr.Contaminants and Marine Mammal Immunotoxicology and Pathology, Sylvain De Guise, Kimberlee B. Beckmen, and Steven D. HolladayReproductive and Developmental Effects of Environmental Organochlorines on Marine Mammals, Peter J.H. ReijndersEffects of Environmental Contaminants on the Endocrine System of Marine Mammals, Mary Gregory and Daniel G. CyrOpportunities for Environmental Contaminant Research: What Can We Learn from Marine Mammals Under Human Care, Michelle L. Reddy and Sam H. RidgwayPART II AN OVERVIEW OF CONTAMINATION OF MARINE MAMMALS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTPersistent Ocean Contaminants and Marine Mammals: A Retrospective Overview, Thomas J. O"Shea and Shinsuke TanabeHeavy Metals in Marine Mammals, Krishna Das, Virginie Debacker, St?phane Pillet and Jean-Marie BouquegneauPersistent Organic Contaminants in Arctic Marine Mammals, Todd M. O'Hara and Paul R. BeckerInorganic Pollutants in Arctic Marine Mammals, Todd M. O'Hara, Victoria Woshner, and Gerald BrattonImpacts of Algal Toxins on Marine Mammals, Frances M. Van Dolah, Gregory J. Doucette, Frances M.D. Gulland, Teri L. Rowles, and Gregory D. BossartToxicology in Sirenians, Thomas J. O'SheaPART III CETACEANSCetaceans and Contaminants, Theo Colborn and Michelle J. SmolenPathology of Cetaceans. A Case Study: Beluga from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Daniel Martineau, Igor Mikaelian, Jean-Martin Lapointe, Phillippe Labelle, and Robert HigginsImmune Status of St. Lawrence Estuary Beluga Whale, Pauline Brousseau, Sylvain De Guise, Isabelle Voccia, S. Ruby, and Michel FournierEvaluation of Genotoxic Effects of Environmental Contaminants in Cells of Marine Mammals, with Particular Emphasis on Beluga Whales, J.M. Gauthier, H. Dubeau, and E. RassartMechanisms of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Toxicity: Implications for Cetacean Morbidity and Mortality, Michael J. Carvan III and David L. BusbeeEcotoxicologic Investigations of Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatas) Strandings: Accumulation of Persistent Organic Chemicals and Metals, John E. Stein, Karen L. Tilbury, James P. Meador, Jay Gorzelany, Graham A.J. Worthy, and Margaret M. KrahnPART IV PINNIPEDSGlobal Temporal Trends of Organochlorines and Heavy Metals in Pinnipeds, Peter J.H. Reijnders and Mark P. SimmondsPathology in Baltic Grey Seals (Halichoerus grypus) in Relation to Environmental Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors, A. Bergman, A, Bignert, and M. OlssonThe Immune System, Chemical Contaminants and Virus-Associated Mass Mortalities Among Pinnipeds, Peter S. Ross, Joseph G. Vos, and Albert D.M.E. OsterhausThe Effects of Chemical Contaminants on Immune Function in Harbour Seals: Results of a Semi-Field Study, Joseph G. Vos, Peter S. Ross, Rik L. Swart, Henk Van Loveren, and Albert D.M.E. OsterhausImmunotoxicology of Free-Ranging Pinnipeds: Approache