Click to have a closer look
About this book
About this book
Written by leading experts and commentators from around the world, this collection of original essays will form an unprecedented critical survey of the state of urban planning at the end of the millennium.
Contributors. 1.Robert Freestone: Learning from Planning's Histories. Planning and History. The History of Planning. Purpose and Structure of this Book. Conclusion. 2.Peter Hall: The Centenary of Modern Planning. 1898: The Rejection of the Paleotechnic City. 1923: The Triumph of Vision and the Failure of Practice. 1948: The Great Postwar Rebuild. 1973: The Great Shift in Zeitgeist. 1998: The Search for Sustainable Urban Development. Conclusion. 3.Stephen V. Ward: Re-examining the International Diffusion of Planning. International Diffusion as a Historical Theme. A Typology of Diffusion. Diffusion by Borrowing. Diffusion by Imposition. Conclusions and Speculations. 4.Dennis Hardy: Quasi Utopias: Perfect Cities in an Imperfect World. Imperfect Cities in an Imperfect World. Perfect Cities in a Perfect Word. Perfect Cities in an Imperfect World. Utopianism and Town Planning. Conclusion. 5.Jon Lang: Learning from Twentieth Century Urban Design Paradigms: Lessons for the Early Twenty-First Century. Twentieth Century Paradigms: Empiricism and Rationalism. The Empiricist Paradigms. The Rationalist Paradigms. Paradigms for Cities and Their Precincts. The Utility and Limitations of Paradigms. Looking Ahead: Paradigms for the Early Twenty-First Century. Conclusion. 6. Gilbert A. Stelter: Rethinking the Significance of the City Beautiful Idea. The City as a Work of Art. Broadening the Decision-Making Powers of the Public. The Theory of the City as an Organism. Success and Relevance. 7.Dirk Schubert: The Neighbour Paradigm: From Garden Cities to Gated Communities. Decentralization, Urban Reform, and Planned Communities. American Experiments in the 1920s and 1930s. Neighbourhoods in England. The 'Local Group as Settlement Cell' in Germany. Neighbourhoods in Postwar Reconstruction. Epilogue and Conclusions. 8.Raphael Fischler: Planning for Social Betterment: From Standard of Living to Quality of Life. The Standardization of Need. The Paradox of the Standard of Living. The Quality-of-Life Movement. Quality of Life in Post-Industrial Society. Conclusion. 9.Robert Bruegmann: The Paradoxes of Anti-Sprawl Reform. From 'Blight' to 'Sprawl'. Aesthetic Objections. Efficiency Arguments. Equity Arguments. Environmental Arguments. The Debate Becomes International. The Anti-Sprawl Coalition. Conclusion. 10.Jeffry M. Diefendorf: Motor Vehicles and the Inner City. Cologne. Basel. Boston. Conclusion. 11.David Hamer: Planning and Heritage: Towards Integration. The Haussmannite Tradition. Rejection of the Victorian City. Planners and the Past: Models of Evolution and Change. The Reconstruction of Historic City Centres by Dictators. The Impacts of the Second World War and the Triumph of Modernism. The Reaction Against Modernism. The Historic District as the Focus for the Convergence of Interests. Third World and Post-Colonial Issues. Conclusion. 12.Maurits Van Rooijen: Open Space, Urban Planning