Plants and plant products are of direct importance to the rural population in most of Africa. Collected locally, they are used for building, packaging, as food and medicine, for feeding livestock and for crop protection. In addition edible insects, an important part of the diet in much of Central Africa, feed on certain plants. Bees gather nectar and pollen from selected plants to produce honey which, as well as being much appreciated, is a valuable source of income in the province. Knowledge of the uses, and even of the local names, of many of these plants is being lost. Useful Plants of Bas-Congo Province, Democratic Republic of Congo provides information gathered locally, as well as from the literature, for over 460 plants growing in Bas-Congo province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Plants are illustrated and a brief description is given, together with details of where they are found, how important species can be propagated and their uses.