Water resources play a unique and varied role in post-conflict recovery and peacebuilding. As a basic human need, the provision of safe water is among the highest priorities of government and humanitarian interventions during post-conflict recovery and peacebuilding. Water, sanitation, and infrastructure also play a critical role in supporting the recovery of livelihoods and economic development in the aftermath of war. Moreover, despite predictions of 'water wars', shared waters have proven to be the natural resource with the greatest potential for interstate cooperation and confidence building.
Indeed, water resource management plays a singularly important role in both facilitating the rebuilding of trust following conflict and preventing a return to conflict. This volume draws on case studies from around the world to create a framework for understanding how decisions and activities governing water resources in a post-conflict setting can facilitate or undermine peacebuilding. The lessons learned are of particular interest to international development and humanitarian practitioners, policymakers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding and the nexus between water resource management and conflict.
"Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding" is part of a global initiative to identify and analyze lessons in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management. The project has generated six volumes of case studies and analyses, with contributions by practitioners, policymakers, and researchers. Other volumes address high-value resources; land; livelihoods; restoration, remediation, and reconstruction; and, governance.
Acknowledgements List of Figures and Tables List of Acronyms Foreword Preface Part I: Introduction Introduction Part II: Livelihoods and Economic Reconstruction and Recovery Despite the Best Intentions? The Political Ecology of Water Resource Management in North Afghanistan Water, Politics, and Reconstruction - Realities and Lessons Learned in Afghanistan Lessons of Water Resource Management, Agricultural Productivity, and Flood Control: A Case Study of Japanese Water Projects after World War II Part III: Peace Processes, Cooperation, and Confidence Building Water Resources in the Sudan North-South Peace Process A River that Ran Through It: Peace-Building on the Sava River in Post-Conflict Former Yugoslavia The Jordan River Basin: A Conflict Like No Other Transboundary Cooperation in the Lower Jordan River Basin Strengthening Institutionalization of Peace and Dialogue among the Riparian Stakeholders of the Tigris River Basin (Iran/Iraq) Water Security and Scarcity: Destabilization in Western Afghanistan due to Interstate Water Conflicts (Alex Dehgan, US Agency for International Development (USA) and Laura Jean Palmer-Moloney, National Geospatial Water's Role in Security, Stabilization, and Reconstruction in Helmand Province, Afghanistan "The Water Will Find Its Way:" Armenia, Turkey, and Azerbaijan's Transnational Cooperation over Shared Water Refugee Rehabilitation and Transboundary Cooperation: India, Pakistan, and the Indus River System Management of Waters in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina: Policy, Legal, and Institutional Aspects Part IV: Water Services A Tale of Two Cities: Restoring Water Services in Kabul and Monrovia Strengthening Post-Conflict Peacebuilding through Community Water Resource Management: Case Studies from DRC, Afghanistan, and Liberia Part V: Lessons Learned and way Forward The Right to Water and Sanitation in Post-Conflict Legal Mechanisms: An Emerging Regime? Shoring up Peace: Sustainable Water Management in Post-Conflict Societies Appendix I: Glossary of terms Appendix II: Contributor biographies Appendix III: Tables of contents for the series Index
Erika Weinthal is an Associate Professor of Environmental Policy at the Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University. Jessica Troell is a Senior Attorney and Director of the International Water Program at the Environmental Law Institute. Mikiyasu Nakayama is a Professor in the Department of International Studies at the Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo.