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Wetlands are very sensitive ecosystems, functioning as habitat for many organisms. Protection and regeneration of wetlands are of great importance in ecological research and in nature conservation. A great amount of research has been done on the hydrology, plants and animals in wetlands. Knowledge on soil organisms and soil ecological processes of wetlands is still lacking. This knowledge is highly needed for landscape planning purposes or climate change predictions. For climate change, trace gas emissions from wetlands are of great interest. The authors provide an overview of state-of-the-art on soil ecology of wetlands. The book is divided in the following main chapters: "Wetlands as habitats for soil organisms", "Soil ecological processes in fens and floodplains", "Carbon and nitrogen dynamics in soils with different water regimes" and "Trace gas emissions".
1. Annelid coenoses of wtlands representing different decomposer communities,- 2. Earthworm coenoses in wet grassland of Northwest Germany. Effects of restoration management on a histosol and a gleysol,- 3. Reactions of soil Collembolan communities to inundation in floodplain ecosystems in th Upper Rhine Valley,- 4. Management of moist grassland in a fresh-water marsh of the Weser River. effects on soil, vegetation and fauna,- 5. N-,P-und DOC-dynamics in soil and groundwater after restoration of intensively cultivated fens,- 6. Interaction between hydrology, pedology and vegetation at three minerothropic peatland ecosystems,- 7. Variability of decomposition and nitrogen turnover in Scots pine ecosystems in Northwest Germay under the influence of groundwater lowering,- 8. Carbon and nitrogen mineralisation rates of fens in Germany used for agriculture,- 9. In situ measurement of denitrification and N20 production in the saturated zone of three eurtric histosols and a mollic gleysol,- 10. Methane emissions from wetland soils in southwest Germany,- 11. Methane dynamics of saltmarsh soils built up from marine and peat material at the German North Sea coast,- 12. The greenhouse gas exchange of a pond margin in South Germany,- 13. Trace gas emissions from riparian areas of small euthrophic inland waters in Northeast Germany.
From the reviews: "The book brings a substantial amount of scientific knowledge on the behaviour of various types of wetlands in Germany. The methodologies are based on up-to-date technologies and the experimental and monitoring designs are well planned. ! includes complex ecological studies in various types of wetlands, which are of interest to all wetland specialists and ecologists in general." (Hana CiA kova, Folia Geobotanica, Vol. 40 (4), 2005) "The book succeeds in organizing and providing examples of many facets of wetland soil ecology. The articles are of high scientific standard, consistent, and well grouped and will be valuable to all professionals working in the field. ! In any case, the book can clearly be recommended to all scientists working on greenhouse gases in submerged soils and wetland ecology in any part of the world, and it will hopefully raise the understanding of these sensitive and endangered ecosystems." (Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern, Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Vol. 166 (2), 2003)