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Life in the Cerrado, Volume 2: Pollination and Seed Dispersal: A South American Tropical Seasonal Ecosystem

Series: Life in the Cerrado Volume: 2

By: Gerhard Gottsberger and Ilse Silberbauer-Gottsberger

385 pages, colour figures, drawings, tables

Reta Verlag

Hardback | Dec 2006 | #174328 | ISBN: 3000179291
Availability: Usually dispatched within 2-4 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £49.99 $64/€55 approx

About this book

The book treats the cerrado (one of the top biodiversity hotspots in the world), a large-scale South American vegetation, its formation and origin, its plants and their adaptations, their rhythms of life, and their interactions with animals. The Central Brazilian cerrado should be considered as a distinct vegetation type, distinguished from other physiognomically similar Central and South American vegetation types by its ecology, species composition and floristic diversity. Cerrado occurs frequently in savanna-like forms, but also as forest (closed arboreal canopy), woodland (open arboreal canopy), scrub and open grassland forms. Floristic similarities of cerrado and Central and South American savannas and savanna-like vegetation are the result of a common origin of all these vegetation types and also testifies to floristic exchange between Neotropical savannas and cerrados during the Tertiary and the Quaternary.

In the second volume, pollination and seed dispersal phenomena will be described, and emphasis placed on how these processes, essentially plant-animal interrelationships, are critical to the maintenance and regeneration of this ecosystem.


(1) Introduction, (2) Events and Processes Leading to Reproduction and Seed Formation, (3) Generalist Insect-Pollinated Species Usually Having Bees as Principal Visitors of Day-Active Flowers, 3a) Generalist Flowers Having a Greater Beetle Component, 3b) Generalist Flowers Having an Occasional Beetle Component, (4) Pollen-Flowers in Dilleniaceae, Clusiaceae, Myrtaceae and Mimosaceae, (5) Species Pollinated by Small and Medium-Sized Bees, 5a) Choripetalous Open or Partially Constricted Nectar- Flowers, 5b) Choripetalous Open Pollen-Flowers, 5c) Choripetalous Papilionoid Nectar-Flowers, 5d) Sympetalous Actinomorphic or Zygomorphic Nectar-Flowers, 5e) Flowers with Explosive Release of Pollen, 5f) Pollination by Resin-Collecting Bees, (6) Species with Nectar-Flowers Pollinated by Large Bees, 6a) Choripetalous Actinomorphic or Zygomorphic Flowers, 6b) Choripetalous Papilionoid Flowers, 6c) Sympetalous Flowers, (7) Floral Ecology of Bee-Pollinated Bignoniaceae, (8) Superimposed Pollination Systems in Jacaranda, (9) Oxaea flavescens: Nectar Robber or Pollinator?, (10) Buzz Pollination in Pollen-Flowers Having Poricidal Anthers, 10a) Pollination of Solanum lycocarpum and Ouratea Flowers, 10b) Multistaminate Large Flowers of Cochlospermum, 10c) The Riddle of Mass-Flowering Miconia Species, 10d) Flower Structures and Pollination in Cassiinae: Variations on a Theme, (11) Oil-Flowers and Oil-Collecting Bees, (12) The Native Cerrado Bee Fauna and the Introduced Honeybee, (13) Scarcity of Fly Pollination, (14) Cerrado Palms: From General Entomophily with Bees Predominating to Cantharophily, (15) In the Evening When the Beetles Come: Pollination in Annonaceae and Philodendron, (16) The Opportunists: Butterflies, (17) Generalist Night- (and Day)-Active Flowers, with Increasing Tendency Towards Moth (Nocturnal Lepidoptera) Pollination, (18) Moth Pollination, (19) Pollination and Evolution in Vochysiaceae, (20) The Silent Pollinators: Bats, (21) Hummingbirds and their Flowers, (22) Wind Pollination,(23) Pollination and Floral Biology in One Hectare of Cerrado, (24) Pollination and Floral Biology within Cerrado sensu lato and as compared to Other Vegetation Types, (25) Sex Expression and Breeding Systems, (26) Herbivory and its Links to Reproduction and Regeneration; Parasitic Fungi and Myxomycetes, (27) Ants and Termites and their Influence on Plants and Vegetation, (28) Animals and their Role as Seed Dispersal Agents, (29) The Study of Dispersal in Cerrado Vegetation, (30) Field Work and Methods Used During Studies of Dispersal Phenomena in Two Plots of Cerrado sensu stricto and Cerradao in Botucatu, (31) Principal Dispersal Modes, their Relation to Height Classes and Examples of Dispersal Phenomena in the Cerrado sensu stricto Hectare, Botucatu, (32) Dispersal and Trypanocarpy in Grasses, 32a) Relationship Between the Morphology of Dispersal Units and their Dispersal, 32b) Observations on Hygroscopic Movements of Awns, (33) Modes of Zoochory in the Cerrado sensu stricto Hectare and their Relationship to Height Classes, (34) Dispersal Modes Related to Fruiting Time in the Cerrado sensu stricto Hectare, (35) Dispersal Modes in the Cerradao Hectare as Compared with the Cerrado sensu stricto Hectare in Botucatu, (36) Distribution Pattern in Relation to Dispersal Mode; References, Index.

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