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Mt. Etna: Volcano Laboratory


Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 143

By: Sonia Calvari(Editor), Mauro Coltelli(Editor), Ciro del Negro(Editor), Susanna Falsaperla(Editor)

383 pages, illustrations

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2004 | #232364 | ISBN: 0875904084
Availability: Usually dispatched within 4 days Details
NHBS Price: £64.50 $87/€73 approx

About this book

For thousands of years man has marvelled at the gigantic structure that makes up Mt. Etna, the largest active volcano in Europe, and has lived side by side with the mountain, which despite its intense eruptive activity has always been considered a "friendly giant."

After the Second World War, with its frequent but non life-threatening eruptions, Mt. Etna represented an ideal location for volcanological research for the national and international scientific community. Numerous scientists from Belgium, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America have taken part in volcanological research aimed at understanding the volcano.


Dedication vii
Preface ix
Acknowledgements xi
Introduction xiii

Section I: Geology and Eruptive History
Eruptions of Mt. Etna During the Past 3,200 Years: A Revised Compilation Integrating the Historical and Stratigraphic Records
      Stefono Branca and Paola Del Carlo 1
The Tectonics and Geodynamics of Mt. Etna: Synthesis and Interpretation of Geological and Geophysical Data
      Jean Claude Bousquet and Gianni Lanzafame 29
Geological Evolution of Etna Volcano
      Stefano Branca, Mauro Coltelli, and Gianluca Groppelli 49
Valle del Bove, Eastern Flank of Etna Volcano: A Comprehensive Model for the Opening of the Depression and Implications for Future Hazards
      Sonia Calvari, Lawrence H. Tanner, Gianluca Groppelli, and Gianluca Norini 65
Last 100 kaTephrostratigraphic Record of Mount Etna
      Paola Del Carlo, Luigina Vezzoli, and Mauro Coltelli 77

Section II: Petrology and Gas Geochemistry
Dynamics of Magmas at Mount Etna
      Rosa Anna Corsaro and Mass/mo Pompilio 91
Volcanic Gas Emissions From the Summit Craters and Flanks of Mt. Etna, 1987-2000
      Tommaso Calfablano, Michael Burton, Salvatore Giammanco, Patrick AWard, Nicola Bruno, Filippo Mure, and Romolo Romano 111
Magmatic Gas Leakage at Mount Etna (Sicily, Italy): Relationships With the Volcano-Tectonic Structures, the Hydrological Pattern and the Eruptive Activity
      Alessandro Aiuppa, Patrick AWard, Walter D'Alessandro, Salvatore Giammanco, Francesco Parello, and Mariano Valenza 129

Section III: Seismology
Mt Etna Volcano: A Seismological Framework
      Domenico Patane, Ornella Cocina, Susanna Falsaperla, Eugenio Privitera, and Salvatore Spampinafo 147
Faulting Processes and Earthquake Source Parameters at Mount Etna: State of the Art and Perspectives
      Domenico Patane and Elisabetta Giampiccolo 167
The Mt. Etna Plumbing System: The Contribution of Seismic Tomography
      Cloudio Chiarabba, Pasquale De Gori, and Domenico Patane 191
Seismicity and Active Tectonics in the Etna Region: Constraints for a Seismotectonic Model
      Raffaele Azzaro 205

Section IV: Gravity and Electromagnetism
Microgravity Studies at Mount Etna (Italy)
      Gennaro Budetta, Daniele Carbone, Filippo Greco, and Hazel Rymer 221
Magnetic Field Monitoring at Mt. Etna During the Last 20 Years
      Ciro Del Negro and Rosalba Napoli 241
Magnetic Stratigraphy Procedures at Etna
      Alberto Incoronato and Ciro Del Negro 263
A Geophysical Study of the Mount Etna Volcanic Area
      Paolo Mauriello, Domenico Patella, Zaccaria Petrillo, Agata Siniscalchi, Teresa luliano, and Ciro Del Negro 273

Section V: Ground Deformation
Modeling of Ground Deformation Associated with Recent Lateral Eruptions: Mechanics of Magma Ascent and Intermediate Storage at Mt. Etna
      Alessandro Bonaccorso and Paul A. I. Davis 293
Continuous Tilt Monitoring: Lesson Learned From 20 Years Experience at Mt. Etna
      Alessandro Bonaccorso, Orazio Campisi, Giuseppe Falzone, and Salvatore Gambino 307
Twelve Years of Ground Deformation Studies on Mt. Etna Volcano Based on GPS Surveys
      Giuseppe Puglisi, Pierre Briole, and Alessandro Bonforte 321

Section VI: Lava Flow Simulation and Mitigation
Application of the Cellular Automata Model SCIARA to the 2001 Mount Etna Crisis
      Donatella Barca, Gino A. I. Crisci, Rocco Rongo, Salvatore Di Gregorio, and William Spataro 343
The Control of Lava Flows at Mt. Etna
      Franco Barberi and Maria Luisa Carapezza 357

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