Series: Records of the Zoological Survey of India Occasional Papers Volume: 221
By: UA Gajbe
40 pages, illustrations
The Lycosid spider are found everywhere and can be easily seen running on the grassy land as well as on rocky ground and are strictly ground dwellers. Their body colour is brown and dull, so that they are inconspicuous on the ground and the collector notices them only when the spiders are disturbed by the ground vibration and they run inside the grass and hide. Lycosid spiders occupy a variety of habitats from sea-shore to the high mountains, according to the specific requirements viz, availability of food humidity, temperature etc. Most of the wolf spiders are nocturnal. Though the Lycosid spiders in general do not spin webs, yet only the genera Hippasa and Sosipus are seen to built the funnel retreats, the outside of which expands into a sheet web. Spiders wait inside for the prey to fall on the expanded sheet and as soon as some prey is caught on the web, they came out of the funnel retreat to bite, kill and suck the prey. There is not particular location of these webs on the ground. These webs can be located at the bases of stems of large trees, under boulders with expanded sheet out side, on the ground with crevices or holes, on the sloping or verticle edges of nullahas and in small ditches. Almost always the tube retreat is deep in to the soil or crevices and may extend from six inches to one foot deep from the expanded sheet. When these spiders sense danger, they go to the extreme end of the tube and may escape even from the end. While traveling in vehicles or trains in the morning, the webs of Hippasa look very conspicuous on the road sides due to the deposition of dew drops on them.
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