This book, in which the term granite is taken in its broadest sense, collates the most innovative contributions that were presented at the EUG 8 Meeting, X12 Symposium, held in Strasbourg during April 1995. It covers a broad range of topics related to the physical aspects of granite magmatism, which are largely under-represented in comparison with chemical-oriented approaches. Nineteen papers span the range from physical properties of granitic material to several pluton case studies. The first part, 'Melt and Magmas: Properties and Segregation', deals mainly with the physical properties and segregation of melts and magmas, including laboratory and field data. The second part, 'Fabrics in Granites', develops some lively aspects of present-day granite geology, such as magmatic fabrics at all scales, and analogue and numerical experiments aimed at modelling magmatic fabrics. The third part, 'Emplacement of Granite Plutons: Case Studies', begins with a general consideration of syntectonic granites, includes a review of the shape of plutons as inferred from combined fabric and gravity data, and comprises some spectacular examples of plutons emplaced along shear zones, in Spain, Sierra Nevada -California- (see the cover page), Nigeria, and Brazil, or emplaced along subduction zones, in Japan. Granite is the most abundant rock on the continental crust, and this unique text is devoted entirely to the understanding of its origins and emplacement by studying its internal structures. The book is particularly well-illustrated, and almost all the illustrations are original. It will serve as an invaluable reference for geologists, petrologists, geophysicists interested in the development of the continental crust and, more generally, for earth scientists.
Part I: Melt and Magmas: Properties and Segregation. Application of Information Theory to the Formation of Granitic Rocks; N. Petford, et al. Rheological Properties of Granitic Magmas in their Crystallization Range; B. Scaillet, et al. Wetting Angles, Equilibrium Melt Geometry, and the Permeability Threshold of Partially Molten Crustal Protoliths; D. Laporte, et al. Magmatic Fracturing and Small-Scale Melt Segregation During Pluton Emplacement: Evidence from the Adamello Massif (Italy); B.E. John, H. Stunitz. Rheological Aspects of Magma Transport Inferred from Rock Structures; C. Fernandez, et al. Part II: Fabrics in Granites. Granite is Never Isotropic: An Introduction to AMS Studies of Granitic Rocks; J.L. Bouchez. Homogeneity of Granite Fabrics at the Metre and Dekametre Scales; Ph. Olivier, et al. Analogue 3D Simple-Shear Experiments of Magmatic Biotite Subfabrics; L. Arbaret, et al. 3D Biotite Shape Fabric Experiments under Simple Shear Strain; A. Fernandez, J. Fernandez-Catuxo. Perpendicular Linear Fabrics in Granite: Markers of Combined Simple Shear and Pure Shear Flows? K. Schulmann, et al. Rigid Particles in Simple Shear Flow: Is Their Preferred Orientation Periodic or Steady-State? B. Ildefonse, et al. Part III: Emplacement of Granite Plutons: Case Studies. Syntectonic Granites and the Principle of Effective Stress: A General Solution to the Space Problem?; D.H.W. Hutton. Granite Pluton Geometry and Emplacement Mode Inferred from Combined Fabric and Gravity Data; L. Ameglio, et al. The Los Pedroches Batholith (Southern Spain): Polyphase Interplay Between Shear Zones in Transtension and Setting of Granites; A. Aranguren, et al. Development of Magmatic to Solid-State Fabrics During Syntectonic Emplacement of the Mono Creek Granite, Sierra Nevada Batholith; M. de Saint-Blanquat, B. Tikoff. Drainage and Emplacement of Magmas along an Inclined Transcurrent Shear Zone: Petrophysical Evidence from a Granite-Charnockite Pluton (Rahama, Nigeria); E. Ferre, et al. Transcurrent Shear Zones and Magma Emplacement in Neoproterozoic Belts of Brazil; A. Vauchez, et al. Oblique Diapirism of the Yakushima Granite in the Ryukyu Arc, Japan; R. Anma. Experimental Pluton Shapes and Tracks Above Subduction Zones; R. Anma, D. Sokoutis.
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