Preface. Part I: International Law and Environmental Law. 1. International Environmental Law: Purposes, Principles and Means of Ensuring Compliance; R. Wolfrum. 2. Institutions of International Environmental Law; V. Roben. 3. The Relationship of International, Regional, and National Environmental Law; F.L. Morrison. 4. The Relationship of International Environmental Law to International Economic Law; R.E. Hudec. Part II: International Environmental Law. 5. Transboundary Pollution; P.-T. Stoll. 6. Protection of the Global Atmospheric Components; B.B. Roben. 7. Preservation of the Marine Environment; R. Wolfrum, V. Roben, F.L. Morrison. 8. International Freshwaters; B.B. Roben. 9. Environmental Protection of Ice-Covered Regions; R. Wolfrum. 10. International Protection of Wildlife; W.C. Muffett. 11. The Protection and Management of Biological Diversity; R. Wolfrum. 12. International Protection of the Soil; S.C. Snyder, W.C. Muffett. 13. Hazardous Waste; F.L. Morrison, W.C. Muffett. 14. Hazardous Substances and Technologies; P.-T. Stoll. Part III: Regional Environmental Law in Europe and North America. 15. Environmental Law in the European Union; L. Kramer. 16. Environmental Cooperation in North America; W.C. Muffett. Part IV: National Environmental Law in Germany and the United States. 17. National Policies of Environmental Protection; R. Wolfrum, D.A. Farber, F.L. Morrison. 18. National Law: Air Pollution; R. Wolfrum, B. Goller, D.A. Farber. 19. National Enforcement of Global Atmospheric Treaties; B.B. Roben. 20. Alternatives to Direct Regulation; V. Roben. 21. National Law: Water Law; R. Wolfrum, B. Goller, D.A. Farber. 22. National Law: The Protection of Nature; B. Goller, F.L. Morrison. 23. National Law: The Protection of Soil; B. Goller, F.L. Morrison. 24. National Law: Public Waste Disposal; B. Goller, F.L. Morrison. 25. Environmental Liability at the National Level; B.B. Roben. 26. National Law: Environmental Criminal Law; E. Samson, F.L. Morrison. Part V: Common Themes of Environment and Law. 27. Changing Approaches to Environmental Law; F.L. Morrison. 28. Civil Liability as a Control Mechanism for Environmental Protection at the International Level; B.B. Roben. 29. Access to Environmental Information; D.A. Farber, F.L. Morrison. 30. Economic Incentives as Control Measures; S. Schuppert. 31. Financial Mechanisms; W. Plessman. 32. From Private to Public: Giving Effect to the `Debt' Component of Debt-for-Nature Swaps; J. Heep. 33. Technical Cooperation and Technology Transfer; P.-T. Stoll. Index. Table of Cases. Table of National Laws. Table of Treaties. About the Authors.