The crisis of the Santa Barbara offshore oil spill in 1969 led to the passage of radically new environmental laws that made the United States an international leader in environmental protection at the time. Since then, environmental regulation has proved detrimental to both industrial and environmental performance. At the same time, the country has seen a deepening confrontation between environmental and industrial groups, causing a rift which spread to other areas of politics and society. This book traces the origin of the current conflict and carefully analyses current American environmental and resource policy. Placing strong emphasis on comparisons with more cooperative paths of environmental management in other advanced nations, in particular the EU, this is a highly intriguing volume for anyone interested in the politics of environmental protection.
Part I: Putting the Pieces Together. Our Current Conflict. Tracing the Roots of the Conflict. Before the Conflict: Looking Back At American Environmental and Public Health Policy. Outcomes from the Environmental Regulatory System of the 1970s. Why Do Conflict and Polarization Matter? Reform Movements and the Future.- Part II: Cases, Policy Analysis and Documentation. Case Studies and Examples. Policy Analysis and Comparisons. Notes. References. Index.
Frank T. Manheim is an affiliate professor in the School of Public Policy, George Mason University. In course of more than 30 years as a federal government ocean and earth scientist he served on numerous interagency and scientific advisory panels including the National Academy of Science--National Research Council, National Science Foundation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Bureau of Land Management and Minerals Management Service, and industry associations. Manheim has cooperated with European, Russian, and Japanese scientists and agencies and is a recipient of the Swedish Academy of Science Pettersson Medal for Excellence in Ocean Research. He is an author of 190 published articles and has edited or co-edited five books.
Managing the environment has become an issue of such bitter partisanship in the U.S. that the prospects for further progress may seem bleak. Frank Manheim's detailed, even-handed, and historically grounded analysis offers a generous counterpoint to today's rancorous environmental politics. His book challenges Americans to look beyond domestic gridlock, and regain perspective by taking advantage of EU experience and building a sense of mission around the interlocking goals of climate stabilization, energy independence, and economic vitality. -Daniel Sarewitz, Director of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes, Arizona State University