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The Everglades Handbook: Understanding the Ecosystem

New Edition
Presents a unique window into and insightful analysis of Everglades science
Richly illustrated throughout with full-color images, many of which are from the author's unique collection
Includes an exhaustive literature review, substantive tables, timelines and footnotes throughout that provide key details
Provides an excellent overview of human-modifications of the Everglades landscape and a clear summary of the goals of restoration
Offers a catalog of important figures, including historical photos, carefully-labeled maps, habitat cross-sections and color-coded succession and food-web diagrams

By: Thomas E Lodge (Author), Nathaniel P Reed (Foreword By)

304 pages, colour illustrations, tables

Productivity Press

Hardback | Jan 2017 | Edition: 4 | #230593 | ISBN-13: 9781498742900
Available for pre-order: Due Jan 2017 Details
NHBS Price: £44.99 $57/€54 approx
Hardback | Apr 2010 | Edition: 3 | #185044 | ISBN-13: 9781439802625
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £45.99 $59/€55 approx

About this book

The fourth edition presents expanded treatment of subjects where our knowledge of the Everglades and its restoration has greatly improved. This more detailed coverage includes:
- Computer modeling and its applications to the Everglades environment
- Quantified role of water flow in shaping the Everglades landscape
- The origin and evolution of fixed tree islands
- Sulfur and related mercury as wetland pollutants
- Up-to-date summary of the now quantified economic benefits of restoration, shown to be far in excess of the cost

The Everglades Handbook: Understanding the Ecosystem, Fourth Edition is a scholarly reference packed cover to cover with scientific information about the ecosystem of the Everglades – taking into account how drastically the Everglades has changed. Topically, the book covers disciplines ranging from ecology, geology, climatology, hydrology, anthropology to conservation biology. Written in Tom Lodge’s trademark accessible style, this extensively researched text is essential reading for anybody trying to understand the challenges we face in restoring this unique ecosystem.

"This fourth edition covers the key subjects of previous editions with major updates of the new science and understanding. If there ever was a necessary book for Everglades advocates, students, authors, members of government and their agencies, The Everglades Handbook: Understanding the Ecosystem is an absolute must!"
– Nathaniel P. Reed, from the Foreword

"This book is far and away the best guide now in print to Everglades issues – authoritative, well-illustrated, well-indexed, and readable."
–  Martha Musgrove, retired Miami Herald journalist, founding President of the Decision Makers Forum, and Southeast Regional Director of the Florida Wildlife Federation

Review from the third edition:

"Given the astonishing breadth and depth of scientific activities in the Everglades, Tom Lodge once again illustrates his savvy as an articulate science writer in condensing the complex dynamics of this remarkable ecosystem. [...] In summary, the Handbook reviews a vast literature into a compelling read about the natural treasures of the Everglades."
– Evelyn E. Gaiser, Executive Director, School of Environment, Arts and Society, and Associate Dean, College of Arts & Sciences, Florida International University, modified from Wetlands (2011) 31


Contents

I Background

1 An Ecosystem Overview—What Is (or Are?) the Everglades?
    A Unique and Valuable Ecosystem
    Terms and Definitions
    South Florida Climate and Weather
    The Historic Everglades Region
    Origin and Evolution of the Everglades

2 The Everglades in Space and Time
    Florida, Geologic Time, and Plate Tectonics
    Limestone and Aquifers
    Emergence of Land on the Florida Platform: The Peninsula
    Sea Level, Climate, and the Birth of the Everglades

II Environments of the Everglades Region

3 Freshwater Marshes
    Marsh Vegetation and Plant Communities
        Sawgrass Marsh
        Wet Prairies
        Slough
        Pond (Alligator Hole) and Creek
    Water Levels in Everglades Peatlands
    Water Quality
    Periphyton: A Plant Community Atop Others
    Marsh Soils
    Weather and Fire
    Ridge-and-Slough Landscape and Flow: The Cutting Edge of Everglades Science

4 Tree Islands
    Size and Location of Everglades Tree Islands
    Kinds of Tree Islands: The Vernacular Names
    Bayheads
    Willows and Willow Heads
    Cypress, Cypress Domes, and Cypress Heads
    Tree Island Evolution
    Pop-up or Battery Tree Islands
    Strand Tree Islands
    Fixed Tree Islands
    Other Processes
    Tree Island Moats
    Pond Apple (Custard Apple)
    Integrity of Tree Islands

5 Tropical Hardwood Hammocks
    The Hammock Environment
    Tree Height
    The Strangler Fig
    Hammocks, Fire, and Succession
    Unpleasant Aspects of Hammocks
    Hammocks and Wildlife

6 Pinelands
    Pinelands and Fire
    South Florida Pine Rockland and Endemic Species
    Pinelands in South Florida Ecological History

7 The Big Cypress Swamp
    Public Conservation Units and Native American Lands
    Surface Waters of the Big Cypress Region
    Geology and Soils
    Big Cypress Vegetation
        Hammocks
        Pinelands
        Cypress Forests and Domes
        Mixed Pine and Cypress Forest
        Mixed Swamp Forest
        Marl Prairies
        Sloughs
    Hydrology of Big Cypress Plant Communities
    Integrity of the Big Cypress

8 Mangrove Swamps
    Kinds and Characteristics of Mangroves
        Red Mangrove
        Black Mangrove
        White Mangrove, Buttonwood, and the Buttonwood Embankment
        Mangrove Reproduction and Dispersal
    Mangroves Swamp Soils and Soil-Building
    Oysters and Mangrove Swamps
    Mangrove Swamps and Everglades Wildlife
    Mangrove Swamps and Marine Fisheries
    Legal Protection of Mangroves
    Visiting a Mangrove Swamp

9 Coastal Lowland Vegetation ... and Hurricanes!
    Impacts of Hurricane Andrew on the Everglades
    Hurricane Frequency and Environmental Impact in Southern Florida
    Impacts of Hurricane Donna
    The Hurricane Legacy: Coastal Lowland Vegetation
    The White Zone—A Hurricane-Prone Landscape
    Hurricanes and Glacial Cycles

10 Estuarine and Coastal Marine Waters
    Florida Bay: A Geologist's Classroom
    Florida Bay as Part of Everglades Restoration
    Historic Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Environments
    Marine Transgression and the Future of Mangrove Swamps

11 Lake Okeechobee and the Everglades Headwaters
    The Lake Okeechobee Watershed
    Lake Okeechobee's Discovery and Name
    Origin of Lake Okeechobee and Its Basin
    The Predrainage Lake
    Beginnings of the Modern Lake: Hamilton Disston and the State of Florida
    Federal Involvement: From the Okeechobee Waterway to the C&SF Project
    Lake Okeechobee's Water Levels: Nature Versus Regulation Schedules and the Hoover Dike
    Vegetation and Wildlife
        Littoral Zone
        Pelagic Zone
        Fishes
        Other Wildlife
    Water Quality
    Summary
    Elevation Surveys, NGVD, and NAVD [inset explanation box]

12 Peripheral Ecosystems of the Everglades
    The Caloosahatchee and Charlotte Harbor
    The Caloosahatchee—Historic Condition
    The Caloosahatchee—Modified Condition
    Caloosahatchee Restoration
    The St. Lucie River and Indian River Lagoon
        The Watershed of the St. Lucie River–Southern Indian River Lagoon
        Alterations of the St. Lucie River and Southern Indian River Lagoon Wa tershed
        The St. Lucie–Southern Indian River Lagoon Restoration Plan
        Loxahatchee Slough and the Loxahatchee River
        Loxahatchee Slough
        Loxahatchee River Northwest Fork—Environmental Impacts and Restora tion
    The Lake Worth Lagoon
    Biscayne Bay and Its Coastal Wetlands
        Biscayne Bay's General Features
        Predrainage Freshwater Inputs and Estuarine Values
        Modern Biscayne Bay's Estuarine Decline
        Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands and Everglades Restoration

III The Flora and Fauna of Southern Florida

13 Origins of the Flora and Fauna
    Tropical versus Subtropical
    Elements of the Flora
    Origin of the Tropical Flora
        Trees
        Palms
        Epiphytes
        Ferns
        Bromeliads
        Orchids
        Marine Flora
        Hurricanes and Dispersal
        Proximity and Dispersal
    Origin of the Temperate Flora
        Trees
        Marsh Vegetation
        Origins of the Fauna

14 Invertebrates
    Marine and Estuarine Invertebrates
    Freshwater Invertebrates
        Florida Applesnail
        Seminole and Mesa Rams-Horns
        Crayfish
        Riverine Grass Shrimp and Side-Swimmer Amphipod
    Aquatic Insects
    Terrestrial Invertebrates
        Spiders
        Scorpions
        Insects
        Florida Tree Snail
    Importance of Invertebrates

15 Freshwater Fishes
    Primary Freshwater Fishes
    Secondary Freshwater Fishes
    Peripheral Freshwater Fishes
    The Florida Gar
    Introduced Fishes
    Freshwater Fishes and the Food Chain
    The Fisherman's Perspective

16 Marine and Estuarine Fishes
    Diversity of Marine and Estuarine Fishes
    Game Fishes
    Mullet
    Threatened and Endangered Species
    Importance of the Region's Marine and Estuarine Fishes

17 Amphibians
    Amphiuma and Sirens
    Treefrogs and Toads
    True Frogs
    The Importance of Amphibians

18 Reptiles
    Reptiles of the Everglades Region
    The American Alligator
        Alligators and Other Crocodilians Compared
        Size and Danger to Man
        Alligators as Predators and as Prey
        Alligator Distribution
        Alligator Protection
        The Alligator's Life Cycle
    Alligator Holes and Their Importance
    The American Crocodile

19 Mammals
    Land Mammals of the Everglades
        The White-Tailed Deer
        The Florida Panther
        Marine Mammals

20 Birds
    Breeding Land Birds
    Breeding Waterbirds
    Feeding Behavior of Wading Birds
        Wood Stork (WOST)
        White Ibis (WHIB)
        Glossy Ibis (GLIB)
        Roseate Spoonbill (ROSP)
        Great Blue Heron (GBHE)
        Great White Heron (GWHE)
        Tricolored Heron (TRHE)
        Reddish Egret (REEG)
        Great Egret (GREG)
        Snowy Egret (SNEG)
        Little Blue Heron (LBHE)
        Green Heron (GRHE)
        Black-Crowned Night-Heron (BCNH) and Yellow-Crowned Night-Heron (YCNH)
    Wading-Bird Rookeries
    Threatened and Endangered Birds
        Snail Kite
        Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow
    A Contest of Beauty

21 Synthesis—Ecological Relationships, Processes, and Models for the Everglades
    Succession
        Everglades Peatland Succession
    Food Chains and Food Webs
        Everglades Food Web
        Lake Okeechobee Food Web
        Mangrove Swamp Food Web
    Conceptual Ecological Models
    Hydrologic Modeling
        EDEN – The Everglades Depth Estimating Network
        An Example Hydrologic Model Application: L-31N Seepage Barrier
    Ecological Models: Putting Food Chains, Landscapes, and Hydrology Together
        Small Fishes Example and Trophic Implications

IV Environmental Impacts

22 Humans and the Everglades
    Native Americans and the Everglades
        Paleo-Indians
        Archaic Period
        Formative Period
        Seminole and Miccosukee Tribes
        Overview of Native American Impacts
    Hydrology, Land Use, and the C&SF Project
        Everglades Features of the C&SF Project
        Everglades National Park and the C&SF Project
        Modifications to the C&SF Project
    The Development of South Florida
        Agriculture and the C&SF Project
        The Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA)
        South Miami-Dade Agricultural Area
        Rock Mining and Land Development
        Coastal Waters
    Ecological Effects of Altered Hydrology on the Everglades: A Summary
    Everglades Water Quality Issues
        Phosphorus
        Sulfur and Mercury
            Sulfate and Sulfide in the Everglades
            Mercury and Methylmercury
            Sulfate, Sulfide, and the Methlmercury Connection
            Sulfide Toxicity
            Sulfate Regulation
    Changes in Wildlife
        Wading Birds
        The Alligator
        Specimen Collecting
        Introduced Exotic Species
            Plants
                Melaleuca
                Brazilian Pepper
                Old World Climbing Fern
            Animals
                Invertebrates
                Fishes
                Reptiles and Amphibians
                Birds
                Mammals and the House Cat Dilemma
        Controlling the Introduction of Plants and Animals
    Off-Road Vehicles
    Solving Deterioration: Everglades Restoration
    The Everglades Forever Act and Everglades Construction Project
    Modified Water Deliveries, "Mod Waters"
    Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP)
        Everglades Expedited Projects (formerly "Acceler8")
        The Central Everglades Planning Project (CEPP)
    Restoration and the Endangered Species Act
    Restoration Versus Climate Change and Rising Sea Level
    The Economics of Everglades Restoration
    What Lies in the Future?

References
Index


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Biography

Thomas E. Lodge, Ph.D., is a self-employed ecologist. He has led numerous environmental projects directly relating to the Everglades, including the development of methodology for evaluating the ecological function of historic Everglades wetlands. He serves on the Board of Directors of the Tropical Audubon Society and was an appointed member of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Multi-Species Ecosystem Restoration Team, which assists in Everglades restoration strategies dealing with listed species. He has also been an invited faculty, teaching South Florida ecology at Florida International University, where the first and second editions of The Everglades Handbook have been used regularly as a course text since 1994. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Dr. Lodge has a B.A. with a major and departmental honors in zoology from Ohio Wesleyan University (1966) and a Ph.D. in biology from the University of Miami in Florida (1974). In graduate school, Dr. Lodge became fascinated with the Everglades, both academically and personally. In addition to publishing magazine articles on the Everglades, he wrote and directed an educational film (The Everglades Region: An Ecological Study, John Wiley and Sons, 1973), and published on the fishes of the region. After receiving his Ph.D., he became an environmental consultant, specializing in wetlands and aquatic ecosystems. From 1996 to 1998, he was director of the Kampong, a botanical garden and former home of Dr. David Fairchild. His personal interest in the region has outweighed his professional activities. For over 35 years he has been a regular observer and photographer of Everglades wildlife.

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