356 pages, b/w illustrations, tables
The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes provides an informed synthesis on the current status of forests and their future potential for carbon sequestration.
The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes is timely, since convincing models which scale from local to regional carbon fluxes are needed to support these international agreements, whilst criticisms have been levelled at existing empirical approaches. One key question is to determine how well eddy-flux measurements at the stand-level represent regional-scale processes. This may be related to specific management practices (age, plantation, fertilisation) or simple bias in choosing representative sites (ease of access, roughness, proximity to physical barriers). The ecology and regeneration state of temperate, tropical and boreal forests under current climatic conditions are discussed, together with partitioning of photosynthetic and respiratory fluxes from soils and vegetation. The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes considers how to integrate contrasting methodologies, and the latest approaches for scaling from stand to the planetary boundary layer.
1. The Global Imperative and Policy for Carbon Sequestration
2. Role of Forest Biomes in the Global Carbon Balance
3. Carbon Sequestration in European Croplands
4. MGR Estimating Forest and Other Terrestrial Carbon Fluxes at a National Scale: the UK Experience
5. Fluxes Across the Global Planetary Layer: the Global Gas Exchange Cuvette
6. Regional Measurement and Modeling of Carbon Balances
7. The Potential for Rising CO2 to Account for the Observed Uptake of Carbon by Tropical, Temperate and Boreal Forest Biomes
8. Carbon Balance Research in Boreal Biomes
9. The Carbon Balance of Temperate and Mediterranean Biomes
10. The Carbon Balance of the Tropical Forest Biome
11. The Carbon Balance of Forest Soils: Detectability of Changes in Soil Carbon Stocks in Temperate and Boreal Forests
12. Fractional Contributions Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Respiration to Soil-surface CO2 Efflux in Boreal Forests
13. Trace Gas and Contributions of Peatlands to GWP
14. Contribution of Trace Gases Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and Methane (CH4) to the Atmospheric Warming Balance of Forest Biomes
15. Effects of Reforestation, Deforestation and Afforestation on Carbon Storage in Soils
16. Carbon Forestry
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