This volume presents the contemporary issues surrounding groundwater pollution risk assessment and the application of vulnerability and risk assessment maps for the effective protection and management of aquifers. Numerous new and improved approaches to intrinsic and specific vulnerability assessment (modified DRASTIC, GOD, VULK, VURAAS) are described, some coupled with geophysical and hydrological surveys and hydrodynamic and transport modelling. Widespread use is made of GIS format.
Table of contents Preface, A.J.Witkowski, A.Kowalczyk, J.Vrba Foreword, J.Vrba KEYNOTE INTRODUCTORY PAPER Aquifer pollution vulnerability concept and tools - use, benefits and constraints, S. Foster EXAMPLES OF THE EUROPEAN APPROACH TO GROUNDWATER VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND MAPPING 1. The vulnerability paradox for hard fractured Lower Palaeozoic and Precambrian rocks 2. Evaluation of reactive transport parameters to assess specific vulnerability in karst systems 3. Dense hydrogeological mapping as a basis for establishing groundwater vulnerability maps in Denmark 4. The Polish concept of groundwater vulnerability mapping CASE STUDIES Part I. Porous aquifers 5. Contamination of coastal aquifers from intense anthropic activity in southwestern Sicily, Italy 6. Vulnerability assessment of a shallow aquifer situated in Danube's Plain (Oltenia-region, Romania) using different overlay and index methods 7. Application of a groundwater contamination index to assessment of confined aquifer vulnerability 8. Application of GIS for presentation of mining impact on change in vulnerability of a Quaternary aquifer 9. A GIS-based DRASTIC vulnerability assessment in the coastal alluvial aquifer of Metline-Ras Jebel-Raf Raf (Northern east of Tunisia) 10. The changes of groundwater quality of the Czarny Dwor" intake as a result of the aquifer vulnerability 11. Groundwater vulnerability to contamination in the central part of Vistula River valley, Kampinoski National Park, Poland 12. Development of an integrated methodology for the assessment of groundwater contamination by pesticides at the catchment scale 13. Hydrological controls of the groundwater vulnerability maps (case study of the lower Vistula valley near Plock) 14. Modeling and mapping groundwater protection priorities using GIS: The case of Dar Es Salaam City, Tanzania 15. Vulnerability mapping in two coastal detrital aquifers in South Spain and North Marocco Part II. Karst aquifers 16. DAC: a vulnerability assessing methodology for carbonate aquifers, validated by field and laboratory experiments 17. VURAAS -- vulnerability and risk assessment for Alpine aquifer systems 18. Groundwater circulation in two transboundary carbonate aquifers of Albania; their vulnerability and protection 19. Karst aquifer intrinsic vulnerability mapping in the Orehek area (SW Slovenia) using the EPIK method 20. Physically-based intrinsic groundwater resource vulnerability map of the Tisovec karst 21. Vulnerability of the karst -- fissured Upper Jurassic aquifer of the Cracow Jurassic Region (Poland) 22. Intrinsic vulnerability assessment for the Apulian aquifer near Brindisi (Italy)
Andrzej J.Witkowski was born 1950 and received his MS (1973) and PhD (1983) from The University of Warsaw. He is Senior Lecturer at the University of Silesia, Poland, author and co-author of 90 scientific articles. He is certified professional hydrogeologist (American Institute of Hydrology and Polish Ministry of Environment), and consultant in many international projects. Since 2003 he serves as President of International Mine Water Association (IMWA). Andrzej Kowalczyk (1950) studied geology at the University of Warsaw. (PhD degree at the Technical University of Wroclaw in 1983). He is presently Associated Professor and head of the Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology at the University of Silesia, Poland. He participated in various projects in the field of hydrogeology and is author and co-author of 80 scientific articles. Jaroslav Vrba (1932) received MS and Doctorate from Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. He has practiced hydrogeology in many countries for almost 40 years. At present he works in a private consulting practice and as UNESCO consultant for IHP. He chaired and coordinated many UNESCO-IHP groundwater projects and is author, co-author and editor of many articles and books. He is Past Vice President of IAH and Chairman of IAH Commission on Groundwater Protection; appointed honorary member of International Association of Hydrogeologists.