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Clavicipitalean Fungi: Evolutionary Biology: Chemistry, Biocontrol, and Cultural Impacts

Series: Mycology Series Volume: 19

Edited By: James F White, Charles W Bacon, Nigel L Hywel-Jones and Joseph W Spatafora

640 pages, no illustrations

CRC Press

Hardback | Dec 2003 | #152879 | ISBN: 0824742559
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £175.00 $220/€206 approx

About this book

This reference analyzes the ecology, evolution, genetics, physiology, and taxonomy of this diverse group of fungi for identification of common biological, biochemical, and genetic features and discovery of potential medical and agricultural applications. It traces and reconstruct the evolution of various host-endoparasite systems and studies recent taxonomic research and DNA sequence analyses on plant-infecting clavicipitaleans. Providing a holistic view of the entire clavicipitalean family, the book compares morphologic, geographic, and host variations among various clavicipitalean populations and examines key discoveries and compounds obtained in clavicipitalean studies.

[T]here is a fascinating study of evolution in the Epichlok endophytes of grassesa valuable treatment of secondary metabolitesthere is no doubt that this will be the key reference to all aspects of the clavicipitalean fungi for many years to come. -Mycological Research, Feb. 2004 "[T]his will now be the first place to go to identify these fungi!there is no doubt that this much needed reference work on these fungi will be valued by all struggling to identify them as well as utilize or understand their biologies." p-Mycotaxon, January-March 2004, Vol. 89


Contents

Historical Perspectives:Human Interactions with Clavicipitalean Fungi. TAXONOMY AND DIVERSITY. A Taxonomic Review of the Clavicipitaceous Anamorphs Parasitizing Nematodes and Other Microinvertebrates. Clavicipitaceous Anamorphs. The Plant-Infecting Clavicipitaleans. Distinguishing Features of the Tribe Balansieae. Taxonomy and Diversity of EpichloA" Endophytes. Diversity and Speciation in Claviceps. Nigrocornus scleroticus,A Common Old World Balansioid Fungus. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. Processes of Species Evolution in EpichloA"/Neotyphodium Endophytes of Grasses. Interkingdom Host Shift in the Cordyceps Fungi. The Evolutionary Strategy of Claviceps. MOLECULAR GENETICS AND PHYSIOLOGY. Secondary Metabolites of Clavicipitalean Fungi. Molecular Genetics of Ergot Alkaloid Biosynthesis. Genetic Manipulation of Clavicipitalean Endophytes. Molecular Aspects of Host -Pathogen Interactions and Ergot Alkaloid Biosynthesis in Claviceps. IMPACTS AND APPLICATIONS. Ergot Alkaloid Toxicity. Commercial Applications of Endophytic Fungi. Use of Clavicipitalean Fungi for the Biological Control of Arthropod Pests. Evidence for Nematode Defense in Symbiotic Grasses. Index.

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