Solid waste management needs a strong legislative framework as well as reinforcement measures besides professional institutions to be implemented. In the study area (Ramallah and Jericho cities), no cleaner production methods are applied for waste reduction, and no recycling or reusing alternatives, nor composting plants exist. This thesis assesses the technical and economic status of the existing system. It is found that solid waste management in the study area is not self-sustaining since the overall cost recovery from actual expenditures is 67% and 15% for Jericho and Ramallah, respectively. It is suffering from a lack of coordination, and the primary collection methods differ between the two locations; curb side collection is done in Jericho, while community bin collection is done in Ramallah. Only 12% and 2% of respondents had received environmental education in respectively Jericho and Ramallah. It is recommended to revise the cost tariff system for solid waste, as well as the collection methodology. Finally, physical and chemical characteristics of the waste stream should be routinely determined.
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