Books  Zoology  Invertebrates  Arthropods  Arachnids 

The Mesothelae - a Monograph of an Exceptional Group of Spiders (Araneae: Mesothelae): (Morphology, Behaviour, Ecology, Taxonomy, Distribution and Phylogeny)

MonographJournal / Magazine

Series: Zoologica (Schweizerbart) Volume: 154

By: Joachim Haupt (Author)

102 pages, 62 illustrations, 11 tables

Schweizerbart Science Publishers

Paperback | Jan 2003 | #202193 | ISBN: 3510550412
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £83.99 $107/€100 approx

About this book

Language: English

All organ systems of mesothelid spiders are revised and supplemented with new information. This concerns particularly the eyes, which were studied by TKM comparing the data with previous results. Based on ultrastructure, histology and experimental observations a hypothesis on vision in heptathelid spiders is proposed. The ultrastructure of the mesothelid tarsal organ and the trichobothria is described for the first time. Both organs are equipped with numerous sensory cells. The respiratory capabilitiy of mesothelids is investigated and discussed in relation to mygalomorph and araneomorph spiders, which represent the two major taxa of opisthothelid Araneae.

A special chapter is devoted to the morphology and function of the male palpal organ which is compared to respective organs in mygalomorph and araneomorph spiders. Its function is explained using morphological and experimental data. Ecological aspects deal with the habitats of Mesothelae and especially microbial diseases. In the chapter on taxonomy current problems concerning mesothelid species are critically discussed from a general zoological perspective.


Contents

1. Introduction 1 

2. History of discovery 2 

3. Material and methods 3 

4. Morphology of Mesothelae, form and function 4 

4.1 Epidermis, cuticle and epidermal glands 4 

4.2a The body and its appendages 7 
4.2b Skeleton and muscles 9 

4.3 Nervous system 11 
4.3a Neurosecretory organs 11 
4.3b Sense organs 13 
4.3b.1 Eyes 13 
4.3b.2 Mechanoreceptive sense organs 17 
Setae and `spines' 17 
Trichobothria 18 
Slit and lyriform organs 22 
Proprioreceptors 24 
4.3b.3 Chemical sense 24 
Setae 24 
Tarsal organ 24 

4.4 Intestinal system 24 

4.5 Haemolymph system 27 

4.5a Vessels. 27 
4.5b Haemolymph and haemocytes 27 

4.6 Respiratory system 30 
4.6a Booklungs and tracheae 30 
4.6b Respiratory physiology 30 

4.7 Excretory system 32 

4.8 Reproductive system 33 
4.8a Female gonads 33 
4.8 b Male gonads 33 
4.8c Sperm cells 35 
4.8d Male secondary sexual organ 37 

4.9 Spinning apparatus 40 
4.9a Spinnerets and spigots. 40 
4.9b Anatomy and histochemistry of silkglands 43 
4.9c Use of silk 44 
4.9d Phylogenetic aspects of the silkgland system 44 

5. Cytogenetics and molecular biology 46 

6. Life cycle 47 

6.1 Deposition of eggs and the embryonal development 47 

6.2 Postembryonal development 49 

6.3 Moulting process 49 

6.4 Longevity, aging and death 51 

7. Behaviour 54 

7.1 Circadian and annual rhythms 54 

7.2 Construction of the burrow 54 

7.3 Capture of prey 55 

7.4 Aggressive behaviour 56 

7.5 Mating process 56 

7.6 Sexual communication by means of pheromones and bioacoustics 59 

7.7 Phylogenetic aspects of mating behaviour 60 

8. Ecology 62 

8.1 Biotopes of Mesothelae 62 

8.2 Burrows and burrowing sites and their microclimatic aspects 62 

8.3 Enemies and parasites 65 

8.4 Fungal and microbial diseases 65 

9. Taxonomy 67 

9.1 Systematics of Mesothelae. 67 

9.2 The species problem in Mesothelae 80 

10. Geographic distribution and biogeography 83 

11. Phylogenetic discussion 89 

11.1 "Mesothelae" and Mesothelae ­ the evaluation of fossil spiders 89 

11.2 Phylogenetic analysis of Recent Mesothelae 89 

12. Acknowledgements 94 

13. Summary 94 

14. Zusammenfassung 95 

15. References 96


Write a review

There are currently no reviews for this product. Be the first to review this product!

Bestsellers in this subject

A Guide to House and Garden Spiders

NHBS Price: £3.50 $4/€4 approx

A Guide to the Spiders of Australia

NHBS Price: £24.99 $32/€30 approx

Costa Rica: Arachnids Insects [English / Spanish]

NHBS Price: £6.75 $9/€8 approx

Arachnologists' Handbook

NHBS Price: £17.99 $23/€21 approx