The marine environment does not naturally respect arbitrary international boundaries. The establishment and management of transboundary marine protected areas therefore presents major governance challenges. Marine Transboundary Conservation and Protected Areas analyses a series of marine transboundary conservation initiatives embedded in varying contextual situations to examine the underlying reasons for their success or failure.
Utilising an adapted 'pathways of influence' framework, it provides insights into the development of marine transboundary conservation initiatives looking at the effectiveness of international rules, international norms and discourse, market forces and direct access to policy making. Examples come from a wide range of jurisdictions, including territorial seas, continental shelves, exclusive economic zones and areas beyond national jurisdiction. Case studies include initiatives in the Coral Triangle, West Africa, Central America, the Wadden Sea, the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
In addition the authors assess the potential for developing wider international cooperation as a result of relationships forged though involvement within these marine transboundary conservation initiatives.
1. The Problems Posed by Marine Protected Areas having a Transboundary Character
Tullio Scovazzi and Ilaria Tani
2. Defining Approaches to the Management of Large Marine Systems
Hugh Kirkman and Peter Mackelworth
3. Harnessing Market Forces for Financial Inclusivity in Marine and Coastal Conservation: Lessons from Market Systems Development Approach
Zenebe Bashaw Uraguchi and Essam Yassin Mohammed
4. Democracy and Neo-liberal Policies affecting Conservation Policy
5. Remembering the Red Sea Marine Peace Park
Michelle Portman and Yael Teff-Seker
6. The Prospect of a Transboundary Marine Protected Area to Help Resolve the Piran Bay Border Dispute in the Northern Adriatic
Peter Mackelworth, Matic Jancic, Bojan Lazar and Draško Holcer
7. The Philippines-Sabah Turtle Islands Heritage Protected Area (TIHPA)
Evangeline Miclat and Enrique Nunez
8. Protected Land and Sea Areas between Corsica and Sardinia: The Case Study of the Natural Reserve of the Strait of Bonifacio and La Maddalena Archipelago National Park
Giuseppe Bonanno and Enrico Lippi
9. Building on the Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals
Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara and Tundi Agardy
10. The West African Regional Network of Marine Protected Areas: An Effective Tool for Bridging the Gap between Two International Environmental Frameworks
11. The Coral Triangle: Securing Investments for Oceans
Stuart Campbell and Lida Pet Soede
12. The Wadden Sea, Trans-boundary Cooperation on a Shared Natural Heritage
13. Marine Peace Park Korea Initiative in the Western Transboundary Coastal Area of the Korean Peninsula
Jungho Nam and Daeseok Kang
14. The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System
Alejandro Arrivillaga and Maria Eugenia Arreola
15. Conserving the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone: One of the World's First High Seas Marine Protected Areas
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Peter Mackelworth is Conservation Director of the Blue World Institute of Marine Research and Conservation, Croatia, and a Lecturer in the Department of Biodiversity, University of Primorska, Slovenia.