(NOTE: Each chapter includes Study Guide, Exercises, References, and Key Terms and Definitions.) 1. What Is a GIS? Getting Started. Some Definitions of GIS. A Brief History of GIS. Sources of Information on GIS. People in GIS: Nils Larsen. 2. GIS's Roots in Cartography. Map and Attribute Information. Map Scale and Projections. Coordinate Systems. Geographic Information. 3. Maps as Numbers. Representing Maps as Numbers. Structuring Attributes. Structuring Maps. Why Topology Matters. Formats for GIS Data. Exchanging Data. People in GIS: Mark Bosworth. 4. Getting the Map into the Computer. Analog-to-Digital Maps. Finding Existing Map Data. Digitizing and Scanning. Field and Image Data. Data Entry. Editing and Validation. People in GIS: Susan Benjamin. 5. What Is Where? Basic Database Management. Searches by Attribute. Searches by Geography. The Query Interface. 6. Why Is It There? Describing Attributes. Statistical Analysis. Spatial Description. Spatial Analysis. Searching for Spatial Relationships. GIS and Spatial Analysis. 7. Making Maps with GIS. The Parts of a Map. Choosing a Map Type. Designing the Map. 8. How to Pick a GIS. The Evolution of GIS Software. GIS and Operating Systems. GIS Software Capabilities. GIS Software and Data Structures. Choosing the Best GIS. People in GIS: Assaf Anyamba. 9. GIS in Action. Introducing GIS in Action. Case Study 1: GIS Fights the Gypsy Moth. Case Study 2: GIS and Road Accidents in Connecticut. Case Study 3: GIS Helps Environmental Assessment in Brooklyn. Case Study 4: The Channel Islands GIS. Case Study 5: Using GIS and GPS to Map the Sliding Rocks of Racetrack Playa. 10. The Future of GIS. Why Speculate? Future Data. Future Hardware. Future Software. Some Future Issues and Problems. Conclusion. People in GIS: Michael Goodchild. Glossary. Index.