An authoritative, international review of EIA comparing systems used in the UK, US, the Netherlands, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It provides an introduction to the nature and history of EIA and explores the nature of best practice in EIA. Also describes national EIA procedures in detail and indicates the direction of future development in EIA.
Preface 1. Introduction 2. EIA in the United States 3. The European Directives on EIA 4. EIA in the United Kingdom 5. EIA in the Netherlands, Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa 6. Legal Basis of EIA Systems 7. Coverage of EIA Systems 8. Consideration of Alternatives 9. Screening of Actions 10. Scoping of Impacts 11. EIA Report Preparation 12. EIA Report Review 13. Decision Making 14. Monitoring and Auditing of Impacts 15. Mitigation of Impacts 16. Consultation and Participation 17. Monitoring of EIA Systems 18. Benefits and Costs of EIA Systems 19. Strategic Environmental Assessment 20. Conclusions Improving EIA References. Index