Forewords. Preface. Mountains of the world: a global priority. The human dimension of mountain development: Mountain peoples and cultures. The spiritual and cultural significance of mountains. Comparative inequalities - mountain communities andmountain families. Economic and political framework for sustainability of mountain areas. Conflicts in mountain areas: a predicament for sustainable development. Mountain ecosystems, resources, and development: Highland waters - a resource of globalsignificance. Energy resources for remote highland areas. Mining in mountains. The diversity of mountain life. Protection of nature in mountain regions. Tourism and amenity migration. Mountain forests and forestry. Mountain argiculture. Mountainwatersheds - integrating water, soils, gravity, vegetation, and people. Risk and disasters in mountain lands. Climate change. Mountain agenda for the twenty-first century: Sustainable mountain development - Chapter 13 in action. Agenda for sustainablemountain development. Author biographies. Index.