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Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

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The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring...

NHBS Price: £120.00 $153/€142 approx
The first and only reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology
More than 80 separate peer-reviewed articles – all original contributions by leading authors from major institutions of science around the world, commissioned for this work
An integrated transition from the volcanic process through hazards, risk, and societal impacts, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society
Convenient single-volume format with topics arranged thematically – articles provide coverage of nine different aspects of volcanology
Each entry in the Encyclopedia begins with an outline of the article content and a concise definition of the subject of the article
3 000 Glossary entries explain key terms
Further Reading lists appear at the end of each entry
Extensive cross-referencing system links related articles
Sixteen pages of color will convey the science and excitement of this often violent phenomena
Large 8½ × 11'' page size, easy-to-read double-column format

By: Haraldur Sigurdsson (Editor), Bruce Houghton (Editor), Stephen R McNutt (Editor), Hazel Rymer (Editor), John Stix (Editor), Robert D Ballard (Foreword By)

1417 pages, colour & b/w photos, illustrations, maps, tables

Academic Press

Hardback | Oct 1999 | Edition: 1 | #106213 | ISBN: 012643140X
Out of Print Details

About this book

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Not withstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes. Through its thematic organization around the melting of the earth, it provides a comprehensive source of information on the multidisciplinary influences of volcanic eruptions – both the destructive as well as the beneficial aspects. The majority of the chapters focus on the geoscience-related aspects of volcanism (radioactive heat source, melting rock, ascent of magma, surface phenomena associated with exiting magma, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.).

In addition, complementary chapters discuss the multidisciplinary aspects of volcanism; these include the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. In addition to its appeal to educators, students, and professional and amateur scientists, the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes functions as an important information resource for administrators and officials responsible for developing and implementing volcanic hazard mitigation around the world.

"Everything you ever wanted to know about volcanism is contained in this text [...] the authoritative reference on volcanology for years to come."
California Geology, May/June 2000

"This monumental volume, authored by more than 100 leading specialists, dwarfs all previous works [...] the publisher has done a remarkable job."
Choice, June 2000

"This volume is the first sophisticated attempt at a comprehensive reference work about volcanoes and volcanic processes [...] The articles can be quite technical but not any more than they need to be in giving serios academic treatment to the topic. Readers who are less familiar with this area of geology will find the glossary in each article to be very useful [...] This volume is indispensable for anyone who is serious about understanding volcanoes on a sophisticated level. From the highly useful overview of specific topics and processes to the definitions of particular terms, there is no better or more comprehensive work available – nor is there likely to be [...] this valuable resource is highly recommended for larger public and academic libraries."
Booklist/April 1, 2000

"This impressive work covers all aspects of volcanism [...] Geared for college students and researchers, the well-written articles include a glossary that defines terms within the context of the article, which is very helpful to readers unfamiliar with the terminology [...] Works such as The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes & Volcanoes are nowhere near as comprehensive as this volume [...] An excellent source for those who want more than general information on any aspect of volcanology, this volume is highly recommended for academic libraries."
– Teresa Berry, University of Tennessee Library, Library Journal/April 1, 2000

"The comprehensive and up-to-date Encyclopedia of Volcanoes represents good, broad scientific writing. Important topics about volcanoes that are rarely addressed in stuff scientific journals, such as volcanoes in art, literature and film, are to be found here. The book's 83 chapters are written by volcanological scholars and reviewed by their peers. The authors did not 'dumb down' other work, or cut and paste from their scientific journal publications, but instead present difficult science clearly. The problem of jargon, a curse of scientific education, is addressed upfront by a glossary in each chapter. The science presented clearly reveals openings for new investigations."
– William I. Rose, Michigan Technological University, Nature, March 2000

"The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes is thorough, comprehensive and fully deserving of its title [...] The articles are scholarly and will be of most interest to the student and scientific researcher [...] each article has its own glossary that helps make the book more useful to the general reader as well as a list of further readings, some more extensive than others. There are also more than 800 graphs, charts, tables, and illustrations that complement the nearly 1 400 pages of text [...] The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes is unique in its extensive coverage of this fascinating subject. There is a lot of useful scientific information here for the money."
Against the Grain, February 2000

"The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes covers just about everything one could wish to know about volcanoes and at 1 359 pages of text no other single book can hope to compete with the mass of volcanological information it contains (all 3.5 kg of it). Written by 112 expert authors, the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes will be the reference work for a long time [...] Undergraduate geology students, professional volcanologists, planetologists, and historians of science will find the Encyclopedia has something for them. With so much material on display, the encyclopedia is a browser's delight and members of sub-disciplines will find their interests being pulled towards new undreamt of areas of volcanology as they flick through the pages. It's difficult to stop reading it [...] All science libraries should have a copy."
– Stephen Blake, Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, IAVCEI News


Contents

R.D. Ballard, Foreword

Origin and Transport of Magma
- H. Sigurdsson, B. Houghton, H. Rymer, J. Stix, and S. McNutt, Introduction
- H. Sigurdsson, The History of Volcanology
- R. Jeanloz, Mantle of the Earth
- P. Asimov, Melting the Mantle
- M. Daines, Migration of Melt
- M. Perfit and J. Davidson, Tectonics and Volcanism
- N.W. Rogers and C.J. Hawkesworth, Composition of Magmas
- T.L. Grove, Origin of Magmas
- P.J. Wallace and A.T. Anderson, Volatiles in Magmas
- F.J. Spera, Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Magmas
- B.D. Marsh, Reservoirs of Magma and Magma Chambers
- M.J. Rutherford and J. Gardner, Rates of Magma Ascent
- C. Carrigan, Plumbing Systems
- C. Jaupart, Magma at Shallow Levels

Eruption
- T. Simkin and L. Siebert, Active Volcanoes on the Earth
- D.M. Pyle, Sizes of Volcanic Eruptions
- H. Sigurdsson, Episodes of Volcanism

Effusive Volcanism
- G.P.L. Walker, Basaltic Volcanoes and Volcanic Systems
- C. Kilburn, Lava Flows
- J. Fink and S. Anderson, Domes and Coulees
- J. Wolff and J. Sumner, Spatter-Fed Lavas and Fire-Fountaining
- C. Conner and M. Conway, Basaltic Volcanic Fields
- P. Hooper, Flood Basalt Provinces
- R. Batiza and J. White, Submarine Lavas and Hyaloclastite
- R. Schmidt and H.-U. Schmincke, Seamounts, Submarine Volcanoes, and Volcanic Islands
- J. Smellie, Sub-Glacial Eruptions

Explosive Volcanism:
- Cashman, B. Sturtevant, P. Papale, and O. Navon, Magmatic Fragmentation
- M.M. Morrisey, B. Zimoriski, K. Wohletz, and R. Buettner, Phreatomagmatic Fragmentation
- S. Vergniolle and M. Mangan, Strombolian and Hawaiian Eruptions
- M.M. Morrissey and L.G. Mastin, Vulcanian Eruptions
- Cioni, P. Marianelli, R. Santecroce, and A. Sbrana, Plinian Eruptions
- J.D.L. White and B. Houghton, Pyroclastic Eruptions
- B.F. Houghton, C.J.N. Wilson, R.T. Smith, and J.S. Gilbert, Phreatoplinian Eruptions
- S. Carey and M.I. Bursik, Volcanic Plumes
- C.J.N. Wilson and B.F. Houghton, Pyroclastic Transport and Deposition
- B.F. Houghton, C.J.N. Wilson, and D.M. Pyle, Fall Deposits
- G. Valentine and R.V. Fisher, Deposits of Surges and Directed Blasts
- A. Freundt, S.N. Carey, and C.J.N. Wilson, Ignimbrites and Deposits of Block-and-Ash Flows
- J.W. Vallance, Lahar Deposits
- T. Ui and M. Yoshimoto, Debris Avalanche Deposits
- S. Carey, Volcaniclastic Sedimentation Around Island Arces
- P.W. Lipman, Calderas
- J.P. Davidson and S. Da Silva, Composite Cones
- D. Vespermann and H.U. Schmincke, Scoria Cones and Tuff Rings

Extraterrestrial Volcanism
- P.D. Spudis, Volcanism on the Moon
- R. Lopes-Gautier, Volcanism on IO
- L. Crumpler, Volcanism on Venus
- J.R. Zimbelman, Volcanism on Mars
- P. Geissler, Cryovolcanism in the Outer Solar System

Volcano Interactions
- P. delMelle and J. Stix, Volcanic Gases
- F. Goff and C. Janik, Geothermal Systems
- P. Browne and M. Hochstein, Surface Manifestations
- D. Butterfield, Submarine Hydrothermal Vents
- P. delMelle and A. Bernard, Volcanic Lakes
- N.C. White and R.J. Harrington, Mineral Deposits Associated with Volcanism

Volcanic Hazards
- T.P. Miller and T.J. Casadevall, Volcanic Ash Hazards to Aviation
- M.J. Mills and O.B. Toon, Volcanic Aerosol and Global Atmospheric Effect
- S. Nekada, Hazards from Pyroclastic Flows and Surges
- D. Peterson and R.I. Tilling, Lava Flow Hazards
- K. Rodolfo, Lahars and Jokulhlaup Hazards
- H. Rymer and G. Williams-Jones, Volcanic Gas Hazards
- J.E. Beget, Volcanic Tsunamis
- S.R. McNutt, Volcanic Seismicity
- P. Baxter, Impacts of Eruptions on Human Health
- M. Arthur, The Volcanic Contribution to the Sulfur and Carbon Geochemical Cycle
- I. Thornton, The Ecology of Volcanoes-Biological Recovery and Colonization
- M. Rampino and S. Self, Volcanism and Biotic Extinction

Eruption Response and Mitigation
- S.R. McNutt, Seismic Monitoring
- J.B. Murray, C.A. Locke, and H.Rymer, Ground Deformation, Gravity, and Magnetics
- J. Stix and H. Gaonach, Gas, Plume, and Thermal Monitoring
- S. McNutt, J. Stix, and H. Rymer, Synthesis of Volcano Monitoring
- C. Newhall, Volcano Warnings
- S. de la Cruz, R. Quaas, and R. Meli, Volcanic Crisis Management
- R. Blong, Volcanic Hazards and Risk Management
- D. Johnson and K. Ronan, Risk Education and Intervention

Economic Benefits and Cultural Aspects of Volcanism
- S. Arnorsson, Exploitation of Geothermal Resources
- C-l. Ping, Volcanic Soils
- J. Dehn and S.R. McNutt, Volcanic Materials for Commerce and Industry
- H. Sigurdsson and R. Lopes-Gautier, Volcanoes and Tourism
- S. Harris, Archaeology and Volcanism
- H. Sigurdsson, Volcanoes in Art
- H. Sigurdsson and R. Lopes, Volcanoes in Literature and Film

Appendices
- Units and Physical Properties of the Earth
- Volcanoes of the Earth


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