1. Introduction (F.B. Golley). Section I. Forest Structure. 2. Structural Elements on the Rain Forest (P.B. Tomlinson). 3. Spatial Aspects of Vegetation Structure (P.S. Bourgeron). 4. Vegetation Structure and Growth (E.F. Brunig). 5. Animal Species Diversity in Tropical Forests (F. Bourliere). 6. The Abundance and Biomass of Forest Animals (D.F. Owen). 7. The Abundance of Energy and Chemical Elements (F.B. Golley). II. Forest Function. 8. Productivity of Tropical Rain Forest Ecosystems and the Implications for their Use as Future Wood and Energy Sources (C.F. Jordan). 9. Nutrient Cycling and Nutrient Conservation (F.B. Golley). 10. Decomposition (F.B. Golley). 11. Food Webs: Who Eats What, Why, How and with What Effects in a Tropical Forest? (D.H. Janzen). 12. Reproductive Biology of Plants in Tropical Forests (H.G. Baker, K.S. Bawa, G.W. Frankie and P.A. Opler). 13. Succession (J. Ewel). III. Physiological and Behavioral Aspects of Tropical Forest Biology. 14. Adaptations of Tropical Trees to Moisture Stress (E. Medina). 15. Physiological Responses of Animals to Moisture and Temperature (H. Heatwole). 16. Behavioral Adaptations of Higher Vertebrates to Tropical Forests (J.F. Eisenberg). Section IV. Applications and Human Use of Forests. 17. Production of Usable Wood from Tropical Forest (F.H. Wadsworth). 18. Conversion Rates in Troppical Moist Forests (N. Myers). 19. Patterns of Resource Use and Human Settlement in Tropical Forests (C. Padoch and A.P. Vayda). 20. Disease-Causing Organisms: Components of Tropical Forest Ecosystems (T.M. Yuill). 21. Conservation of Rain Forests for Scientific Research, for Wildlife Conservation, and for Recreation and Tourism (N. Meyers). 22. Ecodevelopment (F.B. Golley). Systematic List of Genera. Author Index. Systematic Index. General Index.