Textbook of Molecular Biotechnology covers an amazing range of topics from the basic structure of the cell and diversity of microorganisms to the latest techniques in the field of biotechnology. Various topics have been included for the benefit of graduate and postgraduate students. In addition, the book will be of immense help for the researchers and can be used as a laboratory manual for various biotechnological techniques. A number of reputed subject experts, scientists, academicians, and researchers have contributed their chapters to this volume. This book describes the role of basic biotechnological tools in various spheres of human society, namely, agriculture, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals, nanobiotechnology, proteomics, metagenomics and Intellectual Property rights.