Foreword. Preface. Acknowledgements. 1. Geological and geophysical characteristics of the transform fault zones. 1.1 General description. 1.2 Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone. 1.3 Vema Fracture Zone. 1.4 Romanche Fracture Zone. 1.5 Chain Fracture Zone. 1.6 Vema Channel. 2. Deep water masses of the South and North Atlantic. 2.1 General description. 2.2 Antarctic Intermediate Water. 2.3 Upper Circumpolar Water and Upper Circumpolar Deep Water. 2.4 North Atlantic Deep Water. 2.5 Lower Circumpolar Water and Lower Circumpolar Deep Water, Circumpolar Bottom Water, Southeast Pacific Deep Water, and Warm Deep Water. 2.6 Antarctic Bottom Water. 3. Source Regions, Abyssal Pathways, and Bottom Flow Channels (for waters of the Antarctic origin). 3.1 General description. 3.2 Weddell Sea and Weddell Gyre. 3.3 Agulhas and Cape basins. 3.4 Drake Passage, Scotia Sea, and Georgia Basin. 3.5 Antarctic Bottom Water in the Argentine Basin. 4. Exchange between the Argentine and Brazil basins; Abyssal pathways and bottom flow channels (for waters of the Antarctic origin). 4.1 General description. 4.2 Vema Channel. 4.3 Santos Plateau. 4.4 Hunter Channel. 5. Further propagation of Antarctic Bottom Water from the Brazil Basin. 5.1 Brazil Basin. 5.2 Flow in the Guiana Basin and westward equatorial channels. 5.3 North American Basin. 5.4 Eastward Equatorial Channels. The Romanche and Chain Fracture Zones. 5.5 Vema Fracture Zone. 5.6 Eastern Basin Pathways and further propagation of Antarctic Bottom Water in the East Atlantic. 5.7 Kane Gap. 5.8 Angola Basin. 6. Flows through the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in the northern channels. Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone and other fracture zones. Integrated conclusions. References. Index.