Stable, safe, secure and readily available water supply is one of the key factors in ensuring a good level of the public health and a stable society. Scientific assessments show that about 80 per cent of diseases and one-third of the total death toll in the developing countries are caused by the low quality of the drinking water. Other countries are also suffering from water shortages and insufficient quality of the drinking water. Many rivers in Europe and in other parts of the world are significantly polluted by insufficiently treated or untreated wastewater discharge.
This book is based on the discussions and papers prepared for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop that took place in Lviv, Ukraine, and addressed recent advances in water supply and wastewater treatment as a prerequisite for a safer society and environment. The contributions critically assess the existing knowledge on urban water management and provide an overview of the current water management issues, especially in the countries in transition in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Mediterranean Dialogue countries.
Preface.- Acknowledgement.- List of Contributors.- Advanced Water Supply.- Strategies for Enhancing Sustainability of Urban Water Systems; J. Marsalek.- Environmental Advances by Water Supply Impact; J. KriA!.- Water Pollution Level as a Key Impact on Human Health. Analysis and Prediction of Health Status after Water Supply System Improvement in Chernivtsi City; B. Skip, K. Nakonechny.- Examples of Reconstruction and Extension of Group Water Supply Systems in the Czech Republic; P. KopeAiek and R. PeA!outova.- Nom Removal from Freshwater Supplies by Advanced Separation Technology; N. Aliverti et al.- Advanced Wastewater Treatment.- The Influence of Seasonality on the Economic Efficiency of Wastewater Treatment Plants; F. Hernandez-Sancho et al.- Perspectives of Decentralized Wastewater Treatment for Rural Areas; P. Hlavinek.- Combined Sewer Network in Hilly Region: Field Survey and Pollutant Overflow Optimization; S. Pagliara et al.- Solar Water Purification at Household Level; O. Udovyk; Application of Membrane and Membrane-Like Technologies for State-of-the-Art Wastewater Treatment; A.G. Capodaglio, A. Callegari.- Type of Sewer System -- Technical and Environmental Advances and Arrangements; S. Stanko et al.- Ozonation of Tertiary Treated Wastewater -- a Solution for Micro Pollutant Removal?; N. Kreuzinger, H. Schaar.- Comparison of Two Treatments for the Removal of Organic Micro-Pollutants: Conventional Activated Sludge (CAS) followed by Ultrafiltration (UF) vs. Membrane Bioreactor (MBR); E. Sahar et al.- Sludge Tanks Operation in Small and Middle-Sized Waste Water Treatment Plants; I. Mahrikova.- Use of Natural Materials for Wastewater Treatment & Improvement of Water Quality; G. Torosyan et al.- Feasibility Studies for Water Reuse Projects: Economic Valuation of Environmental Benefits; M. Molinos-Senante et al.- Case Studies of Water Resource Management.- Water Resources in Jordan; A. Jiries.- Transboundary Migration of the River Water Pollutants between Ukraine and Romania: A Case Study of Bukovyna Region; I. Winkler.- Impact of Waste Water Treatment Facilities on Ground Water (An Example of Svetlogorsk City, Belarus); V. Khomich et al.- Sustainable Use of Wastewater and Sludge in Jordan; Residues of Persistent Organic Pollutants, A Review; M. Batarseh.- Reflections over the Water Cycle Impact on the Peace Process in the Middle East; S. Brenner, K. Donnelly.- Poster Section.- New Method of the Boundary Rainfall Capacity Computation; D. Rusnak.- Contributions to the Development of Photometric and Spectrophotometric Portable Kits for Water Analysis; S. Gutt et al.- A New Generation of Instrumental Analytical Devices for Controlling and Monitoring of Water Quality; G. Gutt et al.- The Study of Toxic Effects of Wastewaters Discharged from the Vilnius Treatment Plant on Fish; N. Kazlauskiene et al.- The Impact of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant Waste Water on Lake DrukA!iai before the Decommissioning of the Plant (2007-2009); D. MarAiiulioniene et al.- Phytoremediation of Waters at an Urban Station of Water Purification by Water Hyacinth with Preinduction of Metallothioneins; I. Danilin et al.- Anoxic Granulation in USB Reactor with Anaerobic Granulated Sludge as an Inoculum; K. Galbova et al.- Comparison of two Flat Sheet Membrane Modules used in a Real Domestic Wastewater Treatment Plant; T. Pikorova et al.- Problems of Regulation of Anthropogenic Load on the Water Objects with Various Dilution Ratio in Ukraine; A. Choban, I. Winkler.- Water Supply of Chernivtsi (Ukraine): Problems and Possible Solutions; Y. Tevtul, I. Winkler.- Sorption of Ammonium Cations and Heavy Metal Ions from the Natural Artesian Waters with the Basalt Tufa Samples; V. Tsymbalyuk et al.- Deactivation of Hazardous Uranium Contaminated Water in Black Sea Basin; B. Kornilovych et al.- The Influence of Wastewater Disposal System on the Quality and Quantity of the Wastewater Transported to a Wastewater Treatment Plant; R. Mifek, P. Hlavinek.- Subject Index.-