Advances in Paleoimaging: Applications for Paleoanthropology, Bioarchaeology, Forensics, and Cultural Artifacts builds on the research and advances in technology since the writing of the authors’ first book, Paleoimaging: Field Applications for Cultural Remains and Artifacts. Since Paleoimaging was published in 2009, additional research settings for the application of advanced imaging technologies have been identified. Practices are now more widespread and standardized with the capabilities and utilization of imaging methodologies increasing dramatically.
Given the numerous advances in palaeoimaging technique and technology, this book chronicles the evolution that has taken place in all the imaging modalities. Chapters include the coverage of magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, plane and digital radiography, endoscopy, and applications of x-ray fluorescence, as well as the principles of industrial radiography. While the book focuses on a multimodal imaging approach to anthropological and archaeological research, the authors and contributing authors have vast experience in other areas and present coverage of biological applications as well.
The multidisciplinary chapters provide a foundation to understand the application of various imaging modalities in archaeological, anthropological, bioanthropological, and forensic settings. As such, Advances in Paleoimaging will serve as an essential reference for conservators, museum archivists, forensic anthropologists, palaeopathologists, and archaeologists, who perform non-destructive research on historical or culturally significant artefacts, remains, or material from a forensic investigation.
The concepts and methods presented in this text are supported with case presentations of the authors' vast experience in the new companion book, Case Studies for Advances in Paleoimaging.
Foreword – Andrew Nelson
Preface 1st edition: Ronald Beckett and Gerald Conlogue
Preface 2nd edition: Gerald Conlogue
Chapter 1 – Photography associated with paleoimaging: with notes on videography, LIDAR, ground penetrating radar, and 3D surface scanning / Ronald Beckett and Michael Wright
Chapter 2 – Wndoscopy in anthropological and archaeological applications / Ronald Beckett
Chapter 3 – XRF (X-ray fluorescence) / Ronald Beckett
Chapter 4 – Plane radiography, digital radiography, mammography, tomosyntheses, and fluoroscopy / Gerald Conlogue, Robert Lombardo, Bill Hennessy, Mark Viner, and Alicia Giaimo
Chapter 5 – Contrast media / Gerald Conlogue and Ronald Beckett
Chapter 6 – Industrial radiography / Robert Lombardo and Gerald Conlogue
Chapter 7 – Computed Tomography (CT), Multi-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT), Micro CT, and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) / Gerald Conlogue, Andrew Nelson and Alan Lurie
Chapter 8 – Magnetic resonance imaging / John Posh and Gerald Conlogue
Chapter 9 – Development of study strategies - Introduction
Section 1 – Ethical considerations / Ronald Beckett and Andrew Nelson
Section 2 – Determining imaging needs / Gerald Conlogue, Ronald Beckett and Mark Viner
Section 3 – workflow (throughput) – Systems design for field research / Gerald Conlogue, Ronald Beckett, and Mark Viner
Section 4 – Eadiographic data formats, graphic software and online data repositories / Andrew Nelson
Section 5 – Interpretation strategies / Gerald Conlogue, Sahar Saleem and Péter Zádori, PhD MD
Section 6 – Integration of bioarchaeology and bioarchaeology of care models / Ronald Beckett
Section 7 – Field paleoimaging safety and health challenges / Ronald Beckett and Mark Viner
Section 8 – Radiation protection and safety / Mark Viner and Gerald Conlogue
Appendix A – Recording Form for Plane Radiographic Examination – Field Data Sheet
Appendix B – Recording Form for Computed Tomography
Appendix C – Recording Form for MicroCT
Appendix D – Recording Form for XRF
Appendix E – Recording Form for Endoscopy
Appendix F – Radiologist Preliminary Interpretations Form
Appendix G – Example of Risk Assessment Documentation
Appendix H – Expedition Kit List – Papua New Guinea
Appendix I – Statement of Health
Appendix J – Radiation Protection Examples from the Oxford Project (see Chapter 9 section 8):
J.1– Risk Assessment and Dose Calculation for Oxford Project
J.2 – Local Radiation Rules for Oxford Project
Ronald G. Beckett is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Biomedical Sciences at Quinnipiac University. Beckett began his career as a respiratory therapist and became a supervisor at Tucson General Hospital in Tucson, Arizona, in 1977. While there he was an instructor for the Pima Community College's program in respiratory care. Beckett moved to Rhode Island in 1983 where he established the first college-based program in Respiratory Care in the state at the Community College of Rhode Island. Not long after the program was accredited, Beckett moved to Hamden, Connecticut, where he became director of the bachelor's degree program in Respiratory Care at Quinnipiac University. He soon became Chairman of the Department of Cardiopulmonary Sciences and Diagnostic Imaging, a position he held for 23 years. Following a conversation with co-author Conlogue regarding mummy research, Beckett realized the endoscopic imaging potential in bioanthropological settings. He began conducting experiments using the combination of radiography and endoscopy in the laboratory setting. Finding that the techniques were complementary, Beckett began to work with Conlogue on projects involving the palaeoimaging of mummified remains in 1996. Following the initial work in the Cardiopulmonary Sciences laboratory, Beckett began to apply endoscopy in concert with radiography on the Max Uhle collection of mummies from Pachacamac Peru at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Techniques were further developed through palaeoimaging projects involving mummified remains at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History in New Haven, Connecticut. Beckett continued to refine and develop new field techniques and skills in bioanthropological data collection using endoscopic instrumentation. In 1999, Beckett and Gerald Conlogue co-founded the Bioanthropology Research Institute at Quinnipiac University. Beckett's work with mummified remains has been featured in many television documentaries regarding palaeoimaging on the Discovery and Learning Channels. Beckett and Conlogue's field palaeoimaging work, caught the interest of the National Geographic Channel and they served as co-hosts for a three year, 40 episode documentary series called The Mummy Road Show. Their work with National Geographic took them to over 13 countries conducting palaeoimaging research on mummified remains and artifacts. In 2005, they published Mummy Dearest, a behind the scenes look and in depth account of their experiences producing the series. In the fall of 2009 CRC Press has published their second book, Paleoimaging, Field Applications for Cultural Remains and Artifacts. Beckett continues to be an invited speaker at many universities as well as at domestic and international scientific symposia. He continues to conduct palaeoimaging research and gives public presentations for museums and civic organizations.
Gerald Conlogue is Co-Director of the Bioanthropology Research Institute at Quinnipiac College. In 1999, Beckett and Gerald Conlogue co-founded the Bioanthropology Research Institute at Quinnipiac University. He holds a BS in Animal Sciences from the University of Connecticut and a Master’s of Health Science from Quinnipiac College. He has worked as a professor since 1984 and has taught and worked at Quinnipiac College since 1992. Conlogue began to work with Ronald Beckett on projects involving the palaeoimaging of mummified remains in 1996. Their work with National Geographic took them to over 13 countries conducting palaeoimaging research on mummified remains and artefacts. In 2005, they published "Mummy Dearest", a behind the scenes look and in-depth account of their experiences producing the series. In the fall of 2009 CRC Press has published their second book, Paleoimaging, Field Applications for Cultural Remains and Artifacts. Conlogue continues to be an invited speaker at many universities as well as at domestic and international scientific symposia. He continues to conduct palaeoimaging research and gives public presentations for museums and civic organizations.