Compared to many other regions of the world, Africa is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and variability. Widespread poverty, an extensive disease burden and pockets of political instability across the continent has resulted in a low resilience and limited adaptative capacity of African society to climate related shocks and stresses.
To compound this vulnerability, there remains large knowledge gaps on African climate, manifestations of future climate change and variability for the region and the associated problems of climate change impacts. Research on the subject of African climate change requires an interdisciplinary approach linking studies of environmental, political and socio-economic spheres.
This book uses different case studies on climate change and variability in Africa to illustrate different approaches to the study of climate change on the continent from across the spectrum of physical, social and political sciences.
1 Introduction.- 2 Large scale features affecting Ethiopian rainfall.- 3 Ethiopian rainfall in climate models.-4 Extreme rainfall events over southern Africa .- 5 Understanding the large scale driving mechanisms of rainfall variability over central Africa.- 6 Climate change impacts on hydrology in Africa: Case studies of basin water resources.- 7 Adaptation to climate change and variability: farmer responses to intra-seasonal precipitation trends in South Africa.- 8 Climate change and migration: A modeling approach.- Conclusions.- Index