This book focuses on two specific areas: wildlife conservation policies and projects, and the interaction between local societies and the surrounding environment in Africa. Against the internationally dominant approach that regards Africa as being a state of 'deficiency', this book demonstrates, based on fieldwork concerning various natural resources (e.g. wildlife, forests, fruit, fish and land) as well as many famous protected areas, that African people are collectively and actively trying to solve the environmental problems they are facing by strategically utilising both indigenous means and new extrinsic opportunities. Meanwhile, it also becomes clear that wildlife conservation still continues to cause local societies a multitude of problems, and the 'potentials' of local people and societies are existing but unnoticed and suppressed by powerful outsiders, and therefore, remaining informal and invisible.
Toshio Meguro is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of International Studies, Hiroshima City University, Japan. He has conducted fieldwork in southern Kenya. His research topics are community-based conservation, participatory development, environmental governance and changes in Maasai society.
Chihiro Ito is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Humanities, Fukuoka University, Japan. Her research fields are Zambia and Zimbabwe. Her research concerns rural livelihood, urban-rural interaction and political ecology.
Kariuki Kirigia is a PhD candidate in the Department of Anthropology at McGill University and an in-coming postdoctoral fellow at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada.