This book presents the state-of-the art in the analysis of animal movements in the past and its implications for human societies. It also addresses the importance of animal activity and mobility for understanding past human societies and past human-animal relationships through cases studies from different periods and areas. It is the first book to focus on the archaeology of animal movement on different scales – from fine-tuned muscle movements of working animals to feeding behavior and to long-distance movements across landscapes and regions.
With the recent development of fine-tuned methodologies such as stable isotope analysis and physical activity assessment, the potential to understand how animals moved about in the past has increased substantially. While the chapters in Archaeologies of Animal Movement utilize a wide range of archaeological methods, they are all united by an emphasis on understanding animal activity and mobility patterns as something that has a major impact on human societies and human-animal relationships. Chapters in this volume show that animal activity patterns provide information on multiple aspects of human-animal relationships, including analysis of animal management practices, transhumance, global and regional trade networks, and animal domestication. This volume is of interest to scholars working in zooarchaeology and early human societies.
Chapter 1. Reindeer on the move: An introduction to the archaeology of animal movement / Anna-Kaisa Salmi & Sirpa Niinimaki
Chapter 2. Scaling with size in horses may have implications for reconstructing activity from entheseal changes / Markku Niskanen & Marion Binde
Chapter 3. Preliminary reflections on horse - Human-horse relationships among the Slavs of the Early Medieval Poland read from history and archaeozoology / Daniel Makowiecki, Wojciech Chudziak & Martyna Wiejacka
Chapter 4. Pathological peculiarities between modern ecotypes of Fennoscandian reindeer: Injury patterns and implications for domestication and paleoecology studies / Emily Hull, Hanna-Leena Puolakka & Mitchell Semeniuk
Chapter 5. Reindeer physical activity patterns and reconstruction of feeding behavior: Implications for reindeer domestication and human-reindeer interaction / Anna-Kaisa Salmi & Sirpa Niinimaki
Chapter 6. Feeding patterns and management of dogs and chickens from ancient to medieval sites of Ukraine: a stable isotope analysis / Aurora Grandal-d'Anglade, Leonid Gorobets, Ana Garcia-Vazquez & Dmitry V. Ivanoff
Chapter 7. Complex cattle exchange in the Scandinavian Funnel Beaker Culture. The case of Falbygden, Sweden / Karl-Goeran Sjoegren, Tony Axelsson, Maria Vretemark, David Meiggs, T Douglas Price & Alistair Pike
Chapter 8. Animals, households, and communities in Bronze and Iron Age Central Eurasia / Tekla M. Schmaus
Chapter 9. Spread of foreign cattle in Lithuania in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Periods / Giedre Piliciauskiene & Viktorija Micelicaite
Anna-Kaisa Salmi is an Academy Research Fellow and Associate professor in Archaeology at the University of Oulu. Her research interests include northern human-animal relationships, the roles of animals in ritual and religion, and working animals. She currently leads ERC and Academy of Finland funded projects on reindeer domestication.
Sirpa Niinimäki is a postdoctoral researcher in Archaeology at the University of Oulu. She is working on the methodological aspect of skeletal activity markers as well as their utilization on archaeological material. Her study species include both human and reindeer skeletons.