This enlightening new volume details over 200 species of bioluminescent marine fishes along with their biotechnological and therapeutic applications. It delves into the chemistry, diversity, and functions of these fishes and also discusses their biology and ecology aspects.
Bioluminescence, which is a type of chemiluminescence and is a "cold living light" is seen in a wide variety of organisms from bacteria to fish. The chemicals and circumstances involved in marine bioluminescence are studied by biologists and engineers to make use of this phenomenon for biotechnological, commercial, and therapeutic applications. Bioluminescence imaging technology has provided valuable means for the monitoring of different biological processes for immunology, oncology, virology, and neuroscience. A new emerging biological technique that combines luminescence with optogenetics involves the use of light to control cells, particularly neurons, in living tissue. Bioluminescence may also be used as a potential form of green energy.
The author states that more than 75% of deep-sea creatures (700 marine genera within 16 phyla) have been estimated to possess this phenomenon of bioluminescence. While marine plants do not display bioluminescence, several organisms such as the dinoflagellate, Noctiluca, cnidarian, jellyfish, ostracod crustacean, Vargula, molluscan squids and lantern fish are well known for their luminescence. Bioluminescence is employed by marine organisms mainly to hunt their prey, defend against predators, and in reproduction.
This scientifically comprehensive and well-illustrated book will serve as an essential standard reference for students and teachers as well as marine biologists, fisheries scientists, zoologists, and environmentalists.
1. Bioluminescence: Chemistry, Diversity, and Functions
2. Biology and Ecology of Bioluminescent Marine Fishes
- Marine Fishes with Intracellular Luminescence
- Heteromi (Notacanthiformes)
3. Marine Fishes with Bacterial Luminescence
- Ponyfishes (Leiognathidae)
4. Marine Fishes with Extra Cellular Luminescence (Luminous Secretion)
5. Marine Fishes with Extrinsic Luminescence by Luminous Ingested Crustaceans
Ramasamy Santhanam, PhD, is the former Dean of the Fisheries College and Research Institute (FC &RI), Tamil Nadu Dr J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University), India. He has about 50 years of teaching and research experience in marine/fisheries sciences. He is currently serving as a fisheries expert for various government and non-government organizations in India and abroad. Dr Santhanam has so far published 32 books on various aspects of marine life, fisheries environment, fisheries biology, and aquaculture. He was a member of the American Fisheries Society, United States; World Aquaculture Society, United States; Global Fisheries Ecosystem Management Network (GFEMN), United States; and the IUCN's Commission on Ecosystem Management, Switzerland.