In most habitats, adaptations are the single most obvious aspects of an organism's phenotype. However, the most obvious features of many subterranean animals are losses, not adaptations. Even Darwin saw subterranean animals as degenerates: examples of eyelessness and loss of structure in general. For him, the explanation was a straightforward Lamarckian one, and one that did not involve adaptation and the struggle of existence. This volume is a comprehensive account of all known species of subterranean fishes. It includes an extensive introduction, history of investigations, consideration of non-stygobitic fishes in caves, and detailed analysis of the conservation status of these very rare animals.
Cavefish: Retrospective and Prospective, T.L. Poulson Biodiversity and Distribution of the Subterranean Fishes of the World, G.S. Proudlove Conservation of Subterranean Fishes, M.E. Bichuette and E. Trajano Behavioral Patterns in Subterranean Fishes, J. Parzefall and E. Trajano The Evolutionary Genetics of Cave Fishes: Convergence, Adaptation and Pleiotropy, R. Borowsky Development as an Evolutionary Process in Astyanax Cavefishes, W.R. Jeffery and A.G. Strickler Subterranean Fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae, M.L. Niemiller and T.L. Poulson Subterranean Fishes of Mexico (Poecilia mexicana, Poeciliidae), M. Plath and M. Tobler Subterranean Fishes of Brazil, E. Trajano and M.E. Bichuette Subterranean Fishes of Africa, R. Berti and G. Messana Subterranean Fishes of China, C. Zi-Ming, L. Jing, X. Heng and Y. Jun-Xing Subterranean Fishes of India, A. Kumar Pati and A. Parganiha
Instituto de Biosciencias da USP, Sao Paulo, Brazil