The global population is projected to increase by 3.3 billion from 6.7 billion in 2008 to 10 billion in 2100. As a result, soil degradation and desertification are growing due to the increasing demand for food, feed, fibre, and fuel on finite soil resources. The problem of global food insecurity may be further worsened by the threat of global warming. Climate change is showing its impacts in terms of increasing temperatures, variable rainfall, and an increase in climate-related extremes such as floods, droughts, cyclones, sea-level rise, salinity, and soil erosion. The agriculture sector is the most sensitive to climate change because the climate of a region/country determines the nature and characteristics of vegetation and crops. An increase in the mean seasonal temperature and decrease in effective precipitation can reduce the duration of many crops, may lead to outbreaks of pests and diseases, and hence reduce final yield ultimately affecting the food security of the country. Despite the positive impact of CO2 fertilization, the net productivity may decrease because of an increase in respiration rate, drought stress, and nutrient deficiency. For example, for every 75 ppm increase in CO2 concentration, rice yields will increase by 0.5 t/ha, but the yield will decrease by 0.6 t/ha for every 1°C increase in temperature. The global agricultural productivity is expected to decrease from 3% to 16% by 2080. The estimated decrease in agricultural productivity in the developing countries is 10%–25% in the 2080s, where the average air temperature is already near or above crop tolerance levels. Footprints of Climate Variability on Plant Diversity is intended to serve as a stimulating collection that will contribute to debate and reflection on the sustainable future of agriculture and food production in the face of global change.
Chapter 1. Microbial Flora of Marble Waste Polluted Environment in the Phylogenetic Perspectives / Zeeshan Ahmad & Shujaul Mulk Khan
Chapter 2. Interaction of Environment and Entomology / Nazish Huma Khan, Tooba Saeed, Muhammad Ilyas
Chapter 3. Climate Change, Insects and Global Food Production / Rida Akram, Khizer Amanet, Javed Iqbal, Maham Fatima, Muhammad Mubeen, Ashfaq Ahmad, Hafiz Umar Farid, Sajjad Hussain, Musaddiq Ali, Ayman El Sabagh, Shah Fahad, Wajid Nasim
Chapter 4. Extreme High Temperature and Plant Life / Muhammad Arif, Talha Jan, Muhammad Riaz, Fazal Munsif, Shah Fahad, Muhammad Adnan, Muhammad Hamzah Saleem, Bibi Haleema, Fazal Munsif, Sajjad Zaheer, Fazal Jalal, Amanullah, Kawsar Ali, Fahd Rasul, Ishaq Ahmad Mian, Bushra Khan
Chapter 5. Molecular and Physiological Mechanism of Native Plants to Combat Drought Stress Under Changing Climatic Conditions / Hasnain Alam, Muhammad Zamin, Muhammad Adnan, Shah Fahad, Muhammad Arif, Amanullah, Sahar Mumtaz, Muhammad Hamzah Saleem, Rafiullah, Ishaq Ahmad Mian, Abdul Saboor Khan,
Chapter 6: Climate Change Oriented Elevated Carbon Dioxide: Implications on Plant Physiology and Global Food Security / Hamayun Shaheen and Anila Ulfat
Chapter 7. Effect of Environmental Pollution on Plant Growth / Amanullah, Shah Khalid, Imran, Hamdan Ali Khan, Muhammad Arif, Abdel Rahman Altawaha, Muhammad Adnan, Shah Fahad, Azizullah Shah, Brajendra Parmar, Sahar Mumtaz, Hamida Bibi, Nadia, Gohar Ayub, Muhammad Sajid
Chapter 8. Phyto-Ecological Studies of Genus Phoenix (Linn.), (Dates palms) from Various Zones of Pakistan / Abdullah, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Zahoor ul Haq and Saifullah
Chapter 9. Soil Biodiversity in Changing Climate / Ahmed Ragab Henawy and Asmaa A. Halema
Chapter 10. Biochar Magic Against of Abiotic Stresses / Mona H. Soliman, Haifa Abdulaziz S. Alhaithloul, Hossam Eldean A. Awad, Munazzam Jawad Shahid, Shafaqat Ali, Amr A. El Kelish
Chapter 11. Biomolecular Intervention in Understanding Plant Adaptation to Climate Change / Muhammad Ilyas, Tariq Mahmood, Amjad-ur-Rahman, Fazli Wahid, Nazish Huma Khan, Muhammad Irfan
Chapter 12. Halophytes Diversity as an Indicator to Saline Environment in Pakistan / Moona Nazish, Muhammad Zafar, Mushtaq Ahmad and Shazia Sultana
Chapter 13. Bacterial Contamination in Food Chain; Sources, Impact and Control / Muhammad Shahid, Mohsin Khurshid, Muhammad Aamer Mehmood, Sana Malik, Irfan Manzoor, Sher Muhammad
Chapter 14. Molecular and Ecological Mechanisms of Grasshopper Food Selection and Habitat Adaptation / Xinghu Qin, Huihui Wu, Weizhong Zhang, Xunbing Huang, Zehua Zhang
Chapter 15. Climate Change: A Global Perspective / Imran, Amanullah, Shah Khalid, Muhammad Arif, Abdur Rehman Altawaha, Shah Fahad, Muhammad Adnan
Chapter 16. Pollinators Ecology and Management / Abdel Rahman Mohammad Tawaha, Ekaterina Kozuharova, Hristo Valchev, Marian Hýbl, Petr Mráz, Denisa Kovárová, Mohamed Shebl Abd Elfattah, Laila Trioui, Abdel Razzaq Al- Tawaha, Ali M.Qaisi, Amanullah, Imran, Abdur Rauf, Shah Khalid,Shah Fahad
Dr Shah Fahad is a Professor in the Hainan Key Laboratory for Sustainable Utilization of Tropical Bioresource, College of Tropical Crops, Hainan University, Haikou, China. He obtained his PhD in Agronomy from Huazhong Agriculture University, China, in 2015. After doing his postdoctoral research in Agronomy at the Huazhong Agriculture University (2015–17), he accepted the position of Assistant Professor at the University of Haripur. He has published over 332 peer-reviewed papers (Impact factor 1050.18) with more than 300 research and 32 review articles, on important aspects of climate change, plant physiology and breeding, plant nutrition, plant stress responses and tolerance mechanisms, and exogenous chemical priming-induced abiotic stress tolerance. He has also contributed 58 book chapters to various book editions published by Springer, Wiley-Blackwell, and Elsevier. He has edited seventeen book volumes, including this one, published by CRC Press, Springer, and Intech Open. He won the Young Rice International Scientist award, Distinguish scholar award, Top young investigator award, and Dr Shah Jahan Agriculture award (PAS) in 2014, 2015, 2019 and 2021 respectively. He won 15 projects from international and national donor agencies. Dr Shah Fahad's name figured twice among the top two per cent of scientists in a global list compiled by Stanford University, USA. Dr Shah Fahad's name is also included in the distinguished list of 2021, Highly Cited Researchers announced by the Clarivate/Web of Sciences. He has worked and is presently continuing on a wide range of topics, including climate change, greenhouse emission gasses, abiotic stress tolerance, roles of phytohormones and their interactions in abiotic stress responses, heavy metals, and regulation of nutrient transport processes.
Dr Muhammad Adnan is a lecturer in the Department of Agriculture at the University of Swabi (UOS), Pakistan. He has completed his PhD (soil fertility and microbiology) from the Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences (SES) at the University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan and the Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences, Michigan State University, USA. He has received his MSc and BSc (Hons) in Soil and Environmental Sciences, from the Department of SES the University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan.
Dr Shah Saud is currently working as an Assistant Professor in the College of Life Science, Linyi University, Linyi, China. He received his PhD in Turf grasses (Horticulture) from Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. He is currently working as a Post Doctorate researcher in the department of Horticulture, Northeast Agricultural University, and Harbin, China. Dr Shah Saud has published over 160 research publications in peer-reviewed journals. He has edited five books and written 35 book chapters on important aspects of plant physiology, plant stress responses, and environmental problems in relation to agricultural plants.
Dr Lixiao Nie, Professor, PhD supervisor, Crop Cultivation and Farming System, College of Tropical Crops, Hainan University, Haikou, China. He received a PhD degree in Crop Cultivation and Farming System from Huazhong Agricultural University, China in 2008. From 2005-2007, He conducted his PhD thesis research at the Philippines-based International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) under the supervision of Drs. Shaobing Peng and Bas Bouman. He then joined Huazhong Agricultural University and worked as a Crop Physiologist from 2008 to 2019. In 2019, he moved to Hainan University. His research mainly focuses on crop simplified and green planting and cultivation. He teaches courses related to plant physiology, and crop cultivation and has published more than 90 papers/chapters in international journals and books. He served as Editorial Board Member for international journals, Field Crops Research (2018-now) and Scientific Reports (2015-now), and Deputy editor-in-chief for a Chinese national journal (2020-now). He received "leading talents" and "one thousand talents project" from Hainan Province, China in 2020. In recent years, he presided over four NSFC projects and two National key R & D projects.