Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for humans and their children. Sustainable agriculture is a discipline that addresses current issues such as climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, poor-nation starvation, rich-nation obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control, and biodiversity depletion. Novel, environmentally-friendly solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from sciences as diverse as agronomy, soil science, molecular biology, chemistry, toxicology, ecology, economy, and social sciences.
Indeed, sustainable agriculture decipher mechanisms of processes that occur from the molecular level to the farming system to the global level at time scales ranging from seconds to centuries. For that, scientists use the system approach that involves studying components and interactions of a whole system to address scientific, economic and social issues. In that respect, sustainable agriculture is not a classical, narrow science. Instead of solving problems using the classical painkiller approach that treats only negative impacts, sustainable agriculture treats problem sources.
Because most actual society issues are now intertwined, global, and fast-developing, sustainable agriculture will bring solutions to build a safer world. This book series gathers review articles that analyze current agricultural issues and knowledge, then propose alternative solutions. It will therefore help all scientists, decision-makers, professors, farmers and politicians who wish to build a safe agriculture, energy and food system for future generations.
Preface: Climate change, society issues and sustainable agriculture, Eric LichtfouseForeword: Tragedy of the global commons: soil, water and air, Rattan Lal1. The rediscovery of intercropping in China: a traditional cropping system for future Chinese agriculture, Heike Knorzer2. Effect of genetically modified bacteria on ecosystems and their potential benefits for bioremediation and biocontrol of plant diseases, Mareike Viebahn3. Climate change and plant water balance. The role of aquaporins, Micaela Carvajal4. Responses of cereal plants to environmental and climate changes, Vaclav Hejnak5. Induction of plant tolerance to semi-arid environments by beneficial soil microorganisms, Ricardo Aroca6. Essential oil crops for sustainable agriculture, Alessandra Carrubba7. Sugarcane and precision agriculture. Quantifying variability is only half the story, Daniel Zamykal8. Fungal disease management in environmentally friendly apple production, Imre J. Holb9. Mitigation of agricultural nonpoint-source pesticide pollution in artificial wetland ecosystems, Caroline Gregoire10. Sustainable management of natural resources for food security and environmental quality. Case studies from India, Rattan Lal11. Decision support systems: concepts, progress and issues, Shabir Ahmad Mir12. Olive and grapevine biodiversity in Greece and Cyprus, Georgios Banilas13. Ethyl carbamate in foods and beverages, Jean-Victor Weber14. Evaluation of soil fertility using infrared spectroscopy, Du Changwen
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Dr. ERIC LICHTFOUSE, born April 2, 1960, completed his Ph.D. in organic geochemistry in 1989 at Strasbourg University. After post-doctoral fellowships at Indiana University, USA and the KFA research center in Julich, Germany, he became engaged as a soil scientist at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) in 1992. His study on soil organic matter and pollutants led in particular to the first determination of the dynamics of soil organic molecules in long-term maize field experiments using 13C labeling at natural abundance. In 2000 he founded the European Association of Environmental Chemistry (ACE) and in 2003 the Journal Environmental Chemistry Letters. He has co-edited the book Environmental Chemistry (Springer, 2005). He is currently working in Dijon for the INRA Department of Environment and Agronomy as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Agronomy for Sustainable Development. He is growing fruit trees and vegetables in his home backyard and travelling from home to work by bicycle. Eric Lichtfouse is also finisher of 10 ironman competitions, including the World Ironman Championships in Hawaii in 2006.