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Cod & Herring: The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing

By: James Barrett(Editor), David C Orton(Editor)

282 pages, colour & b/w illustrations

Oxbow Books

Paperback | Jun 2016 | #238926 | ISBN-13: 9781785702396
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £47.99 $61/€54 approx

About this book

Quests for cod, herring and other sea fish had profound impacts on medieval Europe. This interdisciplinary book combines history, archaeology and zooarchaeology to discover the chronology, causes and consequences of these fisheries. It crosscuts traditional temporal and geographical boundaries, ranging from the Migration Period through the Middle Ages into early modern times, and from Iceland to Estonia, Arctic Norway to Belgium. It addresses evidence for human impacts on aquatic ecosystems in some instances and for a negligible medieval footprint on superabundant marine species in others (in contrast with industrial fisheries of the 19th-21st centuries). Cod and Herring explores both incremental and punctuated changes in marine fishing, providing a unique perspective on the rhythm of Europe's environmental, demographic, political and social history. The 21 chapters – by experts in their respective fields – cover a range of regions and methodological approaches, but come together to tell a coherent story of long-term change. Regional differences are clear, yet communities of the North Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic, North and Irish Seas also followed trajectories with many resonances. Ultimately they were linked by a pan-European trade network that turned preserved fish into wine, grain and cloth. At the close of the Middle Ages this nascent global network crossed the Atlantic, but its earlier implications were no less pivotal for those who harvested the sea or profited from its abundance.


Contents

List of contributors
Preface and acknowledgements
 
Introduction
1. Studying Medieval Sea Fishing and Fish Trade: How and Why
   James H. Barrett
 
Part I: Perspectives from History and Settlement Archaeology
2. Commercial Sea Fisheries in the Baltic Region c. ad 1000–1600
   Poul Holm
3. The Early Documentary Evidence for the Commercialisation of the Sea Fisheries in Medieval Britain
   Maryanne Kowaleski
4. Early Commercial Fisheries and the Interplay Among Farm, Fishing Station and Fishing Village in North Norway
   Alf Ragnar Nielssen
5. The Development of the Norwegian Long-distance Stockfish Trade
   Arnved Nedkvitne
6. The Birth of Commercial Fisheries and the Trade of Stockfish in the Borgundfjord, Norway
   Helge Sørheim
7. Commercial Fishing and the Political Economy of Medieval Iceland
   Orri Vésteinsson
8. The Character of Commercial Fishing in Icelandic Waters in the Fifteenth Century
   Mark Gardiner
9. Marine Fisheries and Society in Medieval Ireland
   Colin Breen
10. The Decline in the Consumption of Stored Cod and Herring in Post-medieval and Early Industrialised England: A Change in Food Culture
   Alison Locker

Part II: Perspectives from Zooarchaeology and Stable Isotope Analysis
11. Fishing and Fish Trade During the Viking Age and Middle Ages in the Eastern and Western Baltic Sea Regions
   Lembi Lõugas
12. Cod and Herring in Medieval Poland
   D. Makowiecki, D.C. Orton, and J.H. Barrett
13. Herring and Cod in Denmark
   Inge Bødker Enghoff
14. The Rise of Sea-Fish Consumption in Inland Flanders, Belgium
   Wim Van Neer and Anton Ervynck
15. Fishing and Fish Trade in Medieval York: The Zooarchaeological Evidence
   Jennifer F. Harland, Andrew K.G. Jones, David C. Orton and James H. Barrett
16. Fish for London
   David C. Orton, Alison Locker, James Morris and James H. Barrett
17. The Social Complexities of Early Marine Fish Consumption: New Evidence from Southeast England
   Rebecca Reynolds
18. Fish Trade in Norway ad 800–1400: Zooarchaeological Evidence
   Anne Karin Hufthammer
19. Exploring the Contrasts: Fish-Bone Assemblages from Medieval Ireland
   Sheila Hamilton-Dyer
20. Marine Fish Consumption in Medieval Britain: The Isotope Perspective from Human Skeletal Remains
   Gundula Müldner
21. Medieval Sea Fishing, ad 500–1550: Chronology, Causes and Consequences
   James H. Barrett


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