In recent years, there has been an explosion of interest in computational intelligence (CI) techniques as evidenced by numerous applications in various fields. Biomedical research and applications have benefited enormously as a result of applications of such tools and techniques. Most such scientific literature concerning the application of CI for modeling and pattern recognition are scattered around the world in different journals and conference proceedings. Computational Intelligence in Bioengineering provides a comprehensive account of the recent research efforts in this emerging area. It brings together cutting-edge research and applications of computational intelligence in a single volume.