366 pages, 94 illus., 30 in colour
The International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) was established in 1996 to coordinate research that involves drilling into the continental crust. After 10 years of successful international and multidisciplinary drilling projects, this volume provides a review and synthesizes the accomplishments of the past decade of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program and, more importantly, defines opportunities for scientific advancement through future drilling projects, addressing a broad range of disciplines in the Earth Sciences.
Topics covered include the importance of scientific drilling for: Climate Change and Global Environments, Impact Structures, the Geobiosphere, Volcanic Systems, Active Faults, Hotspot Volcanoes and Large Igneous Provinces, Convergent Plate Boundaries and Collision Zones, and Natural Resources. In addition this book contains a summary of past projects and activities supported by the ICDP.
History and Status of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program.- Climate Dynamics and Global Environments: A Community Vision for the Next Decade in ICDP.- Continental Drilling and the Study of Impact Craters and Processes -- an ICDP Perspective.- The GeoBiosphere.- Active Volcanic Systems.- Scientific Drilling of Active Faults: Past and Future.- Hotspot Volcanoes and Large Igneous Provinces.- Convergent Plate Boundaries and Collision Zones.- Natural Resources.
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Ulrich Harms is a petrologist working in the field of scientific drilling. He is the Executive Secretary of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program based at the GFZ Potsdam. He organized the ICDP Conference "Continental Scientific Drilling 2005: a decade of progress and challenges for the future" at the GFZ Potsdam. Christian Koeberl studies impact craters, geochemistry, and planetary geology at the University of Vienna, Austria. He is principal investigator of several deep-drilling projects at impact structures, was the chairman of the European Science Foundation "Impact" program, and is a member of the ICDP science advisory group. Mark D. Zoback is a leading expert in geomechanics who specializes on issues related to the state of stress in the earth's crust. He is Professor of Geophysics at Stanford University and principal investigator in many scientific deep-drilling projects around the world, including the San Andreas Fault Zone Observatory at depth. From 2000 to 2006 he was the chairman of the ICDP science advisory group.