Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Baku, Azerbaijan, 29 May-1 June 2001.
Groundwater issues have generated worldwide concern in recent decades. The problems are numerous: too little groundwater, too much groundwater, groundwater contaminated by either saline water or a broad spectrum of industrial and domestic pollutants. Many urban groundwater problems are not unique to any one region, which is the thinking behind this book. Many of the case studies presented here have never before been described in English. Overall, the papers represent the work and experience of researchers and groundwater professionals who have worked on urban groundwater issues in developed and less-developed nations around the world. They reveal the magnitude and scope of the problem as well as identifying future challenges, potential courses of action, and emerging technologies that offer hope for the future.
Preface. Urban Groundwater Issues -- an Introduction; K.W.F. Howard. Groundwater Anomalies in the Urban Areas of Azerbaijan; R.G. Israfilov. Urban Groundwater and Sanitation -- Developed and Developing Countries; M.H. Barrett, A.G. Howard. Modelling as a Powerful Tool for Predicting Hydrogeological Change in Urban and Industrial Areas; A. Spalvins. Urban Groundwater Protection and Management: Lessons from Two Developing Cities, Bangladesh and Kyrghyzstan; B.L. Morris, et al. Controlling Seawater Intrusion Beneath Coastal Cities; H.M. Ozler. The Influence of Urbanisation on Groundwater Recharge and Discharge in the City of Evora, South Portugal; J. Duque, et al. Well Water Quality and Pollutant Source Distributions in an Urban Aquifer; J.H. Tellam, A. Thomas. Hydrogeological Factors for Sustainable Urban Water Systems; M. Eiswirth. Managing Groundwater Supplies to Meet Municipal Demands -- The Role of Simulation -- Optimisation -- Demand Models and Data Issues; E.Z. Hosseinipour. Effects of Interaction Between Surface Water and Groundwater on Groundwater Flow and Quality Beneath Urban Areas; T. Grischek, et al. Rising Groundwater Levels in North-Eastern Ukraine: Hazardous Trends in Urban Areas; V.V. Jakovljev. et al. Major Aspects of Urban Hydrogeology in Central Europe -- Examples from Germany; E.P. Loehnert. Groundwater as an Alternative Source of Supply for Urban Areas in Russia; I.S. Zektser, L.S. Yazvin. Problems of Groundwater Exploration in Gyandja City, Azerbaijan; Y.G. Israfilov. Geostatistical Characterisation of Aquifer Heterogeneity Around Two Urban Landfills Using Lithological and Geophysical Data; L. Ribeiro. Groundwater Protection in the Republic of Azerbaijan Related to the Production and Transportation of oil; F.S. Aliev, F.S. Askerov. Utilisation and Protection of Fresh, Mineral and Geothermal Waters in the Urban Area of Horna Nitra, Slovakia; M. Fendek. Environmental Liability and Methods of Pollution Prevention -- Legal and Technical Approaches in Germany; D. Klaffke. Impacts on the Engineering Properties of Rocks in Tbilisi, Georgia Due to Changing Hydrogeological Conditions; G. Buachidze, et al. Urban Groundwater Contamination: Lessons From the Donbass Region, Ukraine; V.G. Magmedov, et al. Understanding Hydrogeological Environments As a Prerequisite for Predicting Technogenic Changes in Groundwater Systems; J. Krasny. Anthropogenic Hydrogeological Conditions in the Moscow City Area, Russia; R.G. Dzhamalov, V.L. Zlobina. Predicting Groundwater Flow Behaviour in Non-Uniform Aquifers in Contact with a Stream: an Extension to Ditch Drainage; H. Onder. A Survey of Groundwater Level Rise and Recommendations for High Water Table Mitigation for the City of Gulistan, Republic of Uzbekistan; R.K. Ikramov, KH.I. Yakubov. Natural Attenuation of Airport Pollutants in the Unsaturated Zone --; Studies at Gardermoen, Norway; H.K. French, et al. Methods of Assessing Impacts of Urbanisation on Groundwater Quality --; Lithuanian Experience; A.A. Klimas. Groundwater Quality Pollution Problems in the Izmir Region of Turkey; A. Turkman, et al.