The study of shark biology has benefited in the past decade by the development and rapid expansion of novel techniques that have given new insight into the fields of shark genetics, feeding, foraging, bioenergetics, age and growth, movement, migration, habitat preference, and habitat use. This pioneering book, written by experts, examines technologies such as autonomous vehicle tracking, underwater video approaches, molecular genetics techniques, accelerometry among others in detailed chapters that offer new insights and promises for future studies of all aspects of elasmobranch biology, and can be readily extended to other aquatic fish and marine mammals and reptiles as well.
- Unravelling Shark Trophic Interactions and Ecosystem Roles
- Approaches to Food Web Modelling
- Spatial Ecology and Behavior
- Satellite Tracking Methods and Analysis
- Aerial Surveys and the Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Drones)
- Animal-bourne Imaging
- Automomous Vehicle Tracking
- Stationary Underwater Video Approaches
- Acoustic Telemetry
- Life History and Reproduction
- Imaging Technologies in the Field and Laboratory
- Bomb Dating for Growth and Aging
- Near Infra-Red Spectrum (NIRF) for Use in Aging of Sharks
- Genetic Advances in Assigning Paternity and Relatedness
- Population Biology, Conservation, and Outreach
- Forensic Genetics in Fishery Enforcement
- Photo Identification
- Advances in Population Genetic Approaches and Genomics
- Citizen Science, Social Science, and Outreach
- Citizen Science and its Application to Studies of Shark Biology
- Social Science and its Application to Studies of Shark Biology
- Social Networks and Networking
Jeffrey C. Carrier, PhD is Professor Emeritus of Biology at Albion College (MI) where he was a faculty member from 1979 to 2010. He earned a B.S. in Biology in 1970 from the University of Miami and completed a PhD in Biology from the University of Miami in 1974. While at Albion College, Dr Carrier received multiple awards for teaching and scholarship and held the A. Merton Chickering and W.W. Diehl Endowed Professorships in Biology. His primary research interests centre on various aspects of the physiology and ecology of nurse sharks in the Florida Keys. His most recent work investigated the reproductive biology and mating behaviours of this species in a long-term study from an isolated region of the Florida Keys. Dr Carrier has been a member of the American Elasmobranch Society, the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Sigma Xi, the Society for Animal Behavior, and the Council on Undergraduate Research. He served as Secretary, Editor, and President of the American Elasmobranch Society and received multiple distinguished service awards from the society. He holds an appointment as an Adjunct Research Scientist with Mote Marine Laboratory's Center for Shark Research.
Michael R. Heithaus, PhD is an associate professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Florida International University in Miami, FL where he has been a faculty member since 2003. He received his B.A. in Biology from Oberlin College (1995) in Ohio and his PhD from Simon Fraser University (2001) in British Columbia, Canada. He was a postdoctoral scientist and staff scientist at the Center for Shark Research and also served as a research fellow at the National Geographic Society's Remote Imaging Department. At FIU, Dr Heithaus served as the Director of the Marine Sciences Program before becoming the Executive Director of the School of Environment, Arts, and Society. Dr Heithaus is a behavioural and community ecologist. His main research interests are in understanding the ecological roles of top predators, especially their potential to impact community structure through non-consumptive effects. His work also explores the factors influencing behavioural decisions, especially of large marine taxa including marine mammals, sharks and rays, and sea turtles, and the importance of individual variation in behaviour in shaping ecological interactions. Dr Heithaus has been studying the ecological role of tiger sharks and their large-bodied prey in Shark Bay, Australia since 1997 and co-founded the Shark Bay Ecosystem Research Project. He now also has ongoing projects in the coastal Everglades of southwest Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.
Colin Simpfendorfer, Ph.D., is the director of the Centre for Sustainable Tropical Fisheries and Aquaculture at James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia. He has more the 25 years of experience in researching sharks, and has published extensively in the scientific literature on shark biology, ecology, fisheries and conservation. His expertise on sharks has been recognised by his appointment as the Co-Chair of the IUCN's Shark Specialist Group. Colin is a graduate of James Cook University, having undertaken both his undergraduate and postgraduate training in Townsville. After completing his PhD he worked on shark fisheries at the Western Australian Fisheries Department in Perth before moving to Florida to work at the Centre for Shark Research at Mote Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, Florida. He returned to JCU in 2007 to lead the Fishing and Fisheries Research Centre, where he has helped build a research group focused on improving our understanding of sharks and how best to conserve and manage their populations. His main research interests are in the status and sustainable use of elasmobranch populations, the science for the conservation of elasmobranch populations, analytical tools for acoustic monitoring studies, and nursery areas for sharks.
"Besides bringing exciting and important new research findings, tools, and techniques to the table, Dr. Jeff Carrier's most recent contribution Shark Research also provides a keen roadmap for the future of shark science."
– Toby S. Daly-Engel, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Ocean Engineering and Marine Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, USA
"The editors are to be congratulated for publishing a synoptic book that highlights the use of rapidly developing, novel, technological methods to study the ecology of sharks and rays. With this advanced tool kit now available under one cover, it will enable advanced studies that were heretofore impossible, but nonetheless important [...] This will break barriers that have hindered scientific progress toward understanding the ecology and conservation of chondrichthan fishes, and other organisms as well."
– Gregor M. Cailliet, Professor Emeritus, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, and Program Director Emeritus, Pacific Shark Research Center.
"If you are keen to see how new technologies and applications are shaping modern shark research, then this is a must have book. I will be recommending this book to anyone interested in marine science. It's impressive coverage of topics from environmental DNA to social science applications provides the reader with a more holistic view of shark research."
– Will White, Senior Curator, CSIRO Australian National Fish Collection, Hobart, AUS
"The future of shark research is here. Advanced sampling technologies and analytical techniques are already changing the landscape of many fields of shark research. From UAVs to AVEDs, AUVs to ROVs, BRUVs to MBESs, CT scans to MRIs, NIRS to photogrammetry, genomics to eDNA, to name only a few of these platforms and techniques, this book offers a compendium of state-of-the-art technologies and methods that are quickly becoming commonplace and that will continue to evolve and revolutionize how we study these animals. Through its nineteen chapters, the book describes how decreasing costs of electronics and increased miniaturization, quality, power, and types of sensory platforms are leading to accumulation of larger datasets, which in tandem with increasing collaborative initiatives, computing power, and advances in computer science and modelling techniques will result in a new understanding of crucial aspects of elasmobranch ecology and behavior. This book should be of interest to students, academics, and professionals working on this and other groups of marine animals to keep abreast of the latest applications of advanced sampling technologies and analytical techniques that are being used to study elasmobranchs."
– Enric Cortés, NOAA / NMFS / Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Panama City (FL) Laboratory, USA
"This volume contains 19 chapters covering the use of a multitude of new technological tools available to study elasmobranch fishes. Co-authored by more than 60 active shark researchers, Shark Research summarizes the state of the science in shark study. It belongs in the library of anyone with a serious interest in elasmobranch research."
– John A. (Jack) Musick, Prof. Emeritus, Va. Inst Marine Science, USA
"Innovative technologies are rapidly advancing the field of shark research. This must have book features leading innovators in the field who have contributed informative chapters summarizing the current state of research in a variety of fields. Whether you're a student aspiring to study sharks, a professional, or just keenly interested in the current state of shark research, this is the book for you."
– David A. Ebert, Director, Pacific Shark Research Center, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, USA
"This timely volume provides an outstanding overview of how technological advances enable researchers to address formerly intractable questions. As we look back at this volume in a decade or two, the featured technology, that is currently avant-guarde, will be de rigueur, but these early adopters will be recognized for applying this technology to the development of entirely new methods of inquiry."
– Stephen M Kajiura, Professor of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, USA