Predictions of our future climate vary greatly, with detailed forecasts still subject to debate. One key uncertainty is caused by the lack of our present knowledge of transport processes in the air-water interface, which poses the main transfer resistance between the oceans and atmosphere. Modelling and predictions of our global climate can only be improved by gaining a more complete understanding of the mechanisms involved in transporting energy and mass between the atmosphere and the sea. This volume gives an account of recent progress in the domains of experimental process studies as well as computer stimulation. It represents a first approach of merging insights gained in both fields and broadens our understanding of the processes involved in air-water gas and heat exchange.
The Impact of Different Gas Exchange Formulations and Wind Speed Products on Global Air-Sea CO2 Fluxes.- Turbulent Gas Flux Measurements near the Air-Water Interface in a Grid-Stirred Tank.- Quantitative Imaging of CO2 Transfer at an Unsheared Free Surface.- Visualisation of Oxygen Concentration Fields in the Mass Boundary Layer by Fluorescence Quenching.- Visualization of 2-D Divergence on the Free Surface and its Relation to Gas Transfer.- The Air-Water Interface: Turbulence and Scalar Exchange.- Turbulence Generation in the Wind-Driven Subsurface Water Flow.- Defining the Enhancement of Air-Water Interfacial Oxygen.- Air-Water Interfacial Temperature Measurements.- Estimating the Viscous Shear Stress at the Water Surface from Active Thermography.- Eddy Correlation Measurements of Sea Spray Aerosol Fluxes.